Graham Walter Warren

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Antisera raised to a detergent- and salt-resistant matrix fraction from rat liver Golgi stacks were used to screen an expression library from rat liver cDNA. A full-length clone was obtained encoding a protein of 130 kD (termed GM130), the COOH-terminal domain of which was highly homologous to a Golgi human auto-antigen, golgin-95 (Fritzler et al., 1993).(More)
NEM prevents mitotic reassembly of Golgi cisternae into stacked structures. The major target of NEM is a 65 kDa protein conserved from yeast to mammals. Antibodies to this protein and a recombinant form of it block cisternal stacking in a cell-free system, justifying its designation as a Golgi ReAssembly Stacking Protein (GRASP65). One of the two minor(More)
The distribution of beta 1,2 N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I (NAGT I), alpha 1,3-1,6 mannosidase II (Mann II), beta 1,4 galactosyltransferase (GalT), alpha 2,6 sialyltransferase (SialylT) was determined by immuno-labelling of cryo-sections from HeLa cell lines. Antibody labelling in the HeLa cell line was made possible by stable expression of(More)
The docking of transport vesicles with their target membrane is thought to be mediated by p115. We show here that GM130, a cis-Golgi matrix protein, interacts specifically with p115 and so could provide a membrane docking site. Deletion analysis showed that the N-terminus binds to p115, whereas the C-terminus binds to Golgi membranes. Mitotic(More)
The nature of the complex containing GRASP65, a membrane protein involved in establishing the stacked structure of the Golgi apparatus, and GM130, a putative Golgi matrix protein and vesicle docking receptor, was investigated. Gel filtration revealed that GRASP65 and GM130 interact in detergent extracts of Golgi membranes under both interphase and mitotic(More)
The AAA-ATPase, p97/Cdc48p, has been implicated in many different pathways ranging from membrane fusion to ubiquitin-dependent protein degradation. Binding of the p47 complex directs p97 to act in the post-mitotic fusion of Golgi membranes. We now describe another binding complex comprising mammalian Ufd1 and Npl4. Yeast Ufd1p is required for(More)
We have previously shown that p115, a vesicle docking protein, binds to two proteins (p130 and p400) in detergent extracts of Golgi membranes. p130 was identified as GM130, a Golgi matrix protein, and was shown to act as a membrane receptor for p115. p400 has now been identified as giantin, a Golgi membrane protein with most of its mass projecting into the(More)
The AP-1B clathrin adaptor complex is responsible for the polarized transport of many basolateral membrane proteins in epithelial cells. Localization of AP-1B to recycling endosomes (REs) along with other components (exocyst subunits and Rab8) involved in AP-1B-dependent transport suggested that RE might be an intermediate between the Golgi and the plasma(More)
Golgi inheritance proceeds via sequential biogenesis and partitioning phases. Although little is known about Golgi growth and replication (biogenesis), ultrastructural and fluorescence analyses have provided a detailed, though still controversial, perspective of Golgi partitioning during mitosis in mammalian cells. Partitioning requires the fragmentation of(More)
Mitotic fragmentation of the Golgi apparatus can be largely explained by disruption of the interaction between GM130 and the vesicle-docking protein p115. Here we identify a single serine (Ser-25) in GM130 as the key phosphorylated target and Cdc2 as the responsible kinase. MEK1, a component of the MAP kinase signaling pathway recently implicated in mitotic(More)