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Ring fractures of the skull base are rare and have hitherto been regarded as invariably fatal injuries. They are difficult to diagnose, as routine radiographs of the head and spine are usually normal. Increasing use of computerized tomography in the evaluation of head and neck injuries may, however, lead to an increased frequency of diagnosis of this… (More)
OBJECT The role of thecoperitoneal shunts in the management of syringomyelia is not well defined. In this study, the authors analyze the outcome of lumboperitoneal shunt procedures carried out to treat syringomyelia in their institution. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 19 patients who underwent lumboperitoneal shunt… (More)
Cranial trepanation is the oldest neurosurgical operation and its roots date back to prehistory. For many centuries, religion and mysticism were strongly linked to the cause of diseases, and trepanation was associated with superstitions such as releasing evil spirits from inside the skull. The Hippocratic treatise "On injuries of the head" was therefore a… (More)
This technical note describes the application of neuroendoscopy for decompressing and obtaining tissue samples from cystic intracerebral tumours. The method provides for visualisation of the solid tumour component prior to biopsy and retains the advantages of being a burr hole procedure.
BACKGROUND Virchow-Robin spaces (VRSs) surround perforating cerebral arteries and are reported to be found with increasing frequency with advancing age. In addition, some studies indicate an association between VRSs and vascular dementias. The present study examined the incidence of VRSs in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) and… (More)