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It has been suggested that a unique feature of some mental heath practitioners' work is exposure through their role as therapists to clients' descriptions of and reactions to trauma, and that these experiences may actually indirectly cause distress and traumatization to the therapist. This proposed phenomenon has been termed "vicarious traumatization" (VT)(More)
The effects of stimulus intensity, duration, and risetime on the autonomic and behavioral components of orienting, startle, and defense responses were investigated. Six groups of 10 students were presented with 15 white noise stimuli at either 60 or 100 dB, with controlled risetimes of either 5 or 200 ms, and at stimulus durations of 1 or 5 s (1 s only in(More)
This study examined whether patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and ictal fear (IF) show emotion recognition deficits similar to those associated with amygdala damage. Three groups of patients (13 with TLE and IF, 14 with TLE and nonfear auras (non-IF), and 10 with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE)) completed tests of visual and face processing,(More)
OBJECTIVES Laboratory research using a working memory framework has shown modality-specific reductions in image vividness and emotionality when concurrent tasks are performed while maintaining the image in consciousness. We extended this research to trauma images in a clinical population awaiting treatment for post-traumatic stress symptoms. DESIGN A(More)
This paper reports an investigation of forearm blood flow and cardiac responses to high intensity auditory stimulation. Blood was assessed in terms of forearm girth (FG) using a strain gauge, and since this technique had not been used previously, a preliminary study was conducted to validate the measure. In Experiment 1 (N = 24), subjects performed either a(More)