Graham S. Byng

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Enzymes of tyrosine biosynthesis (prephenate dehydrogenase and arogenate dehydrogenase) were characterized in 90 species currently classified within the genera Pseudomonas, Xanthomonas, and Alcaligenes. Variation in cofactor specificity and regulatory properties of the dehydrogenase proteins allowed the separation of five groups. Taxa defined by(More)
Key enzymes of aromatic amino acid biosynthesis were examined in the genus Acinetobacter. Members of this genus belong to a suprafamilial assemblage of Gram-negative bacteria (denoted Superfamily B) for which a phylogenetic tree based upon oligonucleotide cataloging of 16S rRNA exists. Since the Acinetobacter lineage diverged at an early evolutionary time(More)
The biosynthetic route to L-tyrosine was identified in isogenic suspension-cultured cells of N. silvestris. Arogenate (NADP+) dehydrogenase, the essential enzyme responsible for the conversion of L-arogenato L-tyrosine, was readily observed in crude extracts. In contrast, prephenate dehydrogenase (EC 1.3.1.13) activity with either NAD+ or NADP+ was absent(More)
Recently, an analysis of the enzymological patterning of L-tyrosine biosynthesis was shown to distinguish five taxonomic groupings among species currently named Pseudomonas, Xanthomonas, or Alcaligenes (Byng et al., J. Bacteriol. 144:247--257, 1980). These groupings paralleled with striking consistency those previously defined by ribosomal ribonucleic(More)
Microbial transformation studies of the cardiovascular drugs mexrenone (1) and canrenone (2) were conducted. Thirty-nine biotransformations of mexrenone and 84 biotransformations of canrenone were analyzed. Metabolism of the substrate was observed in the majority of these cases. Several monohydroxylated derivatives were detected by HPLC-MS-UV and(More)
Pigmentation mutants of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, selected by observed visual differences in coloration from the wild-type strain, were examined for altered patterns of phenazine synthesis. Three classes of mutants that were incapable of pyocyanine production were identified. Pigmentation patterns that were found to characterize the various mutant classes(More)
Pseudomonad bacterial are a phylogenetically diverse assemblage of species named within contemporary genera that includePseudomonas, Xanthomonas andAlcaligenes. Thus far, five distinct rRNA homology groups (Groups I through V) have been established by oligonucleotide cataloging and by rRNA/DNA hybridization. A pattern of enzymic features of aromatic amino(More)
The recently characterized amino acid L-arogenate (Zamir et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 102:4499-4504, 1980) may be a precursor of either L-phenylalanine or L-tyrosine in nature. Euglena gracilis is the first example of an organism that uses L-arogenate as the sole precursor of both L-tyrosine and L-phenylalanine, thereby creating a pathway in which L-arogenate(More)