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If natural killer (NK) cells play a role in immunosurveillance it might by expected that, during the metastatic process, selection would occur for tumour cells with reduced NK sensitivity. This hypothesis was tested in the rat by measuring the NK sensitivity of cells freshly isolated from metastases of syngeneic transplanted spontaneous mammary carcinomas.(More)
Behavioural ecologists attempt to predict fitness in birds from estimates of body condition and immune capacity. We investigated how the stresses associated with capture, confinement and captive-rearing of wild zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata) affected different elements of the immune system and body condition. Wild birds had higher heterophil:lymphocyte(More)
Gravimetric and histological studies of lymphoreticular tissues during growth of a syngeneic squamous cell carcinoma in Wistar rats show that the regional lymph node anergy reported previously in this system is associated with replacement of paracortical small lymphocytes by large blastoid cells. The regional node continued to gain weight throughout the(More)
Polymorphic variation in two cytokine genes, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) -alpha and -beta, was examined in three ethnic groups, the Bugis, the Makassans, and the Torajans, who inhabit Sulawesi, a large island in the Indonesian archipelago, and formerly a Dutch colony. TNF-alpha and -beta are key molecules in immune responses to infection, and both have been(More)
The development of cellular immunity to a syngeneic squamous cell carcinoma in Wistar rats was studied by in vitro microcytotoxicity assay. Reactivity of lymphocytes from lymph nodes, spleen and blood was tested throughout the period of tumour growth. Maximum lymphocyte cytotoxicity against the tumour was observed at 2 weeks in regional lymph nodes, 4 weeks(More)
Human lymphoblastoid interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) has been coupled using N-succinimidyl 3-(2-pyridyldithio) propionate (SPDP) to a murine monoclonal antibody (791T/36) which reacts with antigens expressed on human osteogenic sarcomas. The purified conjugates retain antibody activity as defined by their capacity to compete with binding of fluorescein(More)
Pasteurised and raw bovine milk and bovine colostrum samples were assayed by enzyme-linked immunoassay for the presence of antibodies directed against a selection of allergens of importance in human atopic disease. Samples were tested for the presence of antibodies directed against or cross-reacting with ryegrass pollen, house dust mites, Aspergillus mould(More)
Sera from patients with primary biliary cirrhosis exhibit variable autoantibody reactivity against mitochondria, the commonest antigen (designated M2) including three structures of approximate M.W. 70, 50 and 40 kD. The nature of these antigens has only recently been established; the 70 and 50 kD are the transacetylase E2 and component X, respectively, of(More)