Learn More
OBJECTIVE Otilonium is a smooth muscle spasmolytic with greater affinity for receptors in the smooth muscle of distal than proximal gut in rats. This study was the first to compare distal and proximal GI transit effects in human subjects. METHODS Using an increasing dose design for the safe exploration of clinical and supraclinical single dose levels, two(More)
AIMS To measure hepatic concentrations of the fluorine-containing antimicrobial, sitafloxacin, using in vivo(19)F magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). METHODS Data were acquired from eight healthy subjects at 2, 5, 8 and 24 h following doses of 500 mg day(-1) for 5 days using a (1)H/(19)F surface coil in a 1.5T clinical MR system. Tissue water was used(More)
1. Concentrations of total radioactivity in plasma of rats given intravenous and oral (35)S-chlorpromazine, were similar. Concentrations of unchanged drug, however, were lower after oral doses.2. Chlorpromazine circulated in solution through isolated loops of rat intestine was rapidly absorbed by the tissue. Measurements of glucose transport and(More)
Serum cortisol and adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) levels were measured on nine sleeping volunteers at midnight, before and after the stress of being woken and exposed to a single standard venepuncture. In six volunteers, plasma ACTH levels were raised within 90 seconds of venepuncture, while it remained undetectable in the other three. Cortisol levels began to(More)
The disappearance of methotrexate (MTX) from the serum after an intravenous bolus injection and intravenous infusion was studied over 24 hours in eight and four patients respectively. Probenecid given at the same time as the bolus injection delayed the disappearance of MTX from the serum and resulted in enhanced concentrations throughout the 24 hours(More)
A Paracetamol elimination was measured, using serial saliva samples, in 114 London factory and office workers, 76 Whites and 38 Asian immigrants. 2. Use of social drugs such as alcohol, tobacco and the oral contraceptive varied considerably within the sample, being appreciably greater in White subjects. 3. Paracetamol clearance was 21% slower in Asians than(More)
A radioimmunoassay for the measurement of amitriptyline and nortriptyline in serum, saliva, and urine is described. The sensitivity of the assay is such that 0.5 ng/ml of drug can be measured, although the assay does not distinguish between amitriptyline and nortriptyline. Other tricyclic compounds cross-react with the antiserum to varying degrees, but the(More)