Learn More
We report the identification of a family of sequences located by in situ hybridisation to the centromeres of all theTriticeae chromosomes studied, including the supernumerary and midget chromosomes, the centromeres ofall maize chromosomes and the heterochromatic regions of rice chromosomes. This family of sequences, (CCS1), together with the cereal genome(More)
1 the bmj | BMJ 2015;350:h1258 | doi: 10.1136/bmj.h1258 1DECIPHer UKCRC Public Health Research Centre of Excellence, School of Social Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK 2DECIPHer UKCRC Public Health Research Centre of Excellence, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK 3MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University(More)
The foundation of western civilization owes much to the high fertility of bread wheat, which results from the stability of its polyploid genome. Despite possessing multiple sets of related chromosomes, hexaploid (bread) and tetraploid (pasta) wheat both behave as diploids at meiosis. Correct pairing of homologous chromosomes is controlled by the Ph1 locus.(More)
Plant phylogenetic estimates are most likely to be reliable when congruent evidence is obtained independently from the mitochondrial, plastid, and nuclear genomes with all methods of analysis. Here, results are presented from separate and combined genomic analyses of new and previously published data, including six and nine genes (8, 911 bp and 12,010 bp,(More)
Reduction in chromosome number and genetic recombination during meiosis require the prior association of homologous chromosomes, and this has been assumed to be a central event in meiosis. Various studies have suggested, however, that while the reduction division of meiosis is a universally conserved process, the pre-meiotic association of homologues(More)
Despite possessing multiple sets of related (homoeologous) chromosomes, hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum) restricts pairing to just true homologs at meiosis. Deletion of a single major locus, Pairing homoeologous1 (Ph1), allows pairing of homoeologs. How can the same chromosomes be processed as homologs instead of being treated as nonhomologs? Ph1 was(More)
Precise chromosome segregation is vital for polyploid speciation. Here, we highlight recent findings that revitalize the old question of the genetic control of diploid-like meiosis behaviour in polyploid species. We first review new information on the genetic control of autopolyploid and allopolyploid cytological diploidization, notably in wheat and(More)
Control of homoeologous chromosomal pairing in hexaploid wheat stems from a balance between a number of suppressor and promoter genes. This study used centromeric behaviour as a tool to investigate the mechanism. Fluorescent in situ hybridization employing centromeric and telomeric sequences as probes was applied to pollen mother cells of wheat and(More)
The rapid progress in comparative analysis of cereal genomes reveals that they are composed of similar genomic building blocks. It seems that by simply rearranging these blocks and amplifying some of the repetitive sequences contained within them, it is possible to reconstitute the 56 different chromosomes found in wheat, rice, maize, sorghum, millet and(More)
A BAC library of 30,228 clones with an average insert size of 102 kb was constructed in the grass Brachypodium sylvaticum. Brachypodium has a simple genome, similar in size and repetitive DNA content to that of rice, and is more closely related than rice both to the major temperate cereals wheat and barley, and to the forage grasses. The library represents(More)