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Cnidocytes, the stinging cells of cnidarians, discharge nematocysts in response to physical contact accompanied by the stimulation of specific chemoreceptors. Cnidocytes in fishing tentacles of a sea anemone are now found to discharge nematocysts preferentially into targets vibrating at 30, 55, and 65 to 75 hertz. Moreover, in the presence of submicromolar(More)
A retrospective analysis of 70 cases of adenomatous metaplasia seen in the St Peter's Hospitals over a 15-year period has been carried out. The lesions occurred at all ages (7-81 years) and in both sexes (51 males, 19 females) and were found throughout the urinary tract from pelvis to urethra. In the pelvis and ureter the finding was usually an incidental(More)
The pulsed dye laser, emitting at wavelengths of 504 nm. for 1 microsecond. at a frequency of 5 Hz. transmitted via a 250 mu in diameter silicon-coated quartz fiber, was passed into the ureter through the working channel of a 9.5F rigid ureteroscope. Seventeen patients with ureteral calculi too large to be extracted directly, who were unable to be treated(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the safety and efficacy of endoscopic laser ablation of the prostate (ELAP), performed with the Urolase fiber and the neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser, compared to transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) in patients with bladder outflow obstruction secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). METHODS In this(More)
Tm:YAG 2 μm cw laser prostatectomy was introduced in the treatment of benign ptostatic obstruction (BPO). Since then numerous studies have been published proving efficacy during follow-up. However, different surgical techniques were introduced with different names for similar techniques that complicate comparison. This reviews aim was to compare published(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy of the pulsed holmium: YAG laser for the fragmentation of ureteric stones. PATIENTS AND METHODS One hundred patients (72 males and 28 females, age range 14 months-85 years) underwent 114 ureteroscopic procedures using either a 7.2 F semi-rigid or 9.5 F flexible ureteroscope. A holmium: YAG laser (Sunrise Technologies.(More)
In fishing tentacles of sea anemones, cnidocyte/supporting cell complexes (CSCCs) trigger the discharge of nematocysts following stimulation by swimming prey of specific mechanoreceptors and chemoreceptors located on the supporting cells. Two types of mechanoreceptors have been identified: a contact-sensitive mechanoreceptor (CSM), and a vibration-sensitive(More)
In the tentacles of sea anemones, nematocyst discharge is regulated by cnidocyte/supporting cell complexes (CSCCs) of which three functional types have been identified: A, B and C. Type A CSCCs respond to contact by vibrating targets. Types B and C CSCCs respond to contact by static targets. Whereas type C CSCCs respond to contact alone, type B CSCCs(More)
Cnidocytes, the stinging cells of enidarians, discharge enidae (intracellular capsules containing eversible tubules) in response to physical contact combined with the stimulation of specific chemoreceptors. These receptors, occurring in at least two classes, bind N-acetylated sugars and certain amino-compounds, respectively (Thorington and Hessinger, 1988).(More)