Graham M. Pilling

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This review examines the substantial changes that have taken place in marine habitats and resources of the Gulf over the past decade. The habitats are especially interesting because of the naturally high levels of temperature and salinity stress they experience, which is important in a changing world climate. However, the extent of all natural habitats is(More)
Overexploitation is one of the principal threats to coral reef diversity, structure, function, and resilience [1, 2]. Although it is generally held that coral reef fisheries are unsustainable [3-5], little is known of the overall scale of exploitation or which reefs are overfished [6]. Here, on the basis of ecological footprints and a review of exploitation(More)
This paper describes a simulation study that evaluated the performance of the scientific advisory process used by ICES to recommend total allowable catches (TACs) for roundfish stocks. A ‘‘management strategy evaluation’’ approach is used, involving development of an operating model to represent the underlying reality, and an observation model to generate(More)
The cephalopod component of the diet of Patagonian toothfish, Dissostichus eleginoides, around South Georgia was analysed from stomach contents collected between March and May 2000. Cephalopods occurred in 7% of D. eleginoides stomachs. A total of 363 cephalopod beaks were found, comprising 16 cephalopod species, of which 15 had not been previously recorded(More)
Purine-based analogs of SDZ 211-500 (5) were prepared and evaluated as inactivation modifiers of guinea pig or human cardiac sodium (Na) channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Substances which remove or slow the Na channel inactivation process in cardiac tissue are anticipated to prolong the effective refractory period and increase inotropy and thus have(More)
Analysis of complex time-series data from ecological system study requires quantitative tools for objective description and classification. These tools must take into account largely ignored problems of bias in manual classification, autocorrelation, and noise. Here we describe a method using existing estimation techniques for multivariate-normal hidden(More)
2 Background The Pacific Tuna Tagging Programme (PTTP) is a joint research project being implemented by the Oceanic Fisheries Programme (OFP) of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), the PNG National Fisheries Authority (NFA) and the members and participating non‐members of the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC). The goal of(More)
Deepwater demersal line fisheries occur within all ocean basins and are typically focused upon seamounts, reef slopes and deep reefs. In tropical and subtropical regions, most are small-scale artisanal and subsistence fisheries with snappers (Lutjanidae) being the dominant group caught, followed by groupers (Epinephelidae) and emperors (Lethrinidae).(More)
Valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services (ES) is widely recognized as a useful, though often controversial, approach to conservation and management. However, its use in the marine environment, hence evidence of its efficacy, lags behind that in terrestrial ecosystems. This largely reflects key challenges to marine conservation and management such as(More)