Learn More
The function of the low-affinity nerve growth factor (NGF) receptor, p75NGFR, in regulating neuronal survival during development is unclear. The sensory deficit in mice with mutated p75NGFR suggests it is necessary for development of sensory neurons; however, whether it is required, in addition to trkA, for signal transduction or is more involved in(More)
Although evidence continues to accumulate for the apoptosis-inducing role of the p75 neurotrophin receptor, several outstanding questions remain. One of these concerns the signal transduction pathway of p75, which continues to be elusive. The evidence for the roles of ceramide, c-jun kinase and NF-kappaB is discussed: none of these are able to account(More)
Central administration of angiotensin IV (Ang IV) or its analogues enhance performance of rats in passive avoidance and spatial memory paradigms. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a single bolus injection of two distinct AT4 ligands, Nle1-Ang IV or LVV-haemorphin-7, on spatial learning in the Barnes circular maze. Mean number of days(More)
The 75 kD low-affinity neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR)) is expressed in developing and axotomised spinal motor neurons. There is now convincing evidence that p75(NTR) can, under some circumstances, become cytotoxic and promote neuronal cell death. We report here that a single application of antisense p75(NTR) oligodeoxynucleotides to the proximal nerve(More)
The Barnes maze offers advantages for cognitive aging studies, because of its relatively unstressful design and its modest physical demands. The authors therefore undertook a detailed chronological investigation of performance against age, for female Sprague-Dawley and male and female Dark Agouti rats. The trial duration was 10 days. Rats were tested at 6,(More)
Previous reports have described increases in the size and number of cholinergic neurons in the basal forebrain in p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR)) knockout mice. In an earlier study, we also found improved spatial memory in these mice, raising the possibility that p75(NTR) regulates hippocampal function by its effects on the cholinergic basal forebrain.(More)
Estrogen receptors are expressed in several areas of the brain associated with cognition, including the basal forebrain cholinergic nuclei, and numerous reports have described improvements in memory in response to estrogen supplementation. The relationship between estrogen's effects on the basal cholinergic system and improvements in cognitive function,(More)
The p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) has been shown to mediate neuronal death through an unknown pathway. We microinjected p75NTR expression plasmids into sensory neurons in the presence of growth factors and assessed the effect of the expressed proteins on cell survival. We show that, unlike other members of the TNFR family, p75NTR signals death through(More)
The peripheral nervous system consists of multiple neural lineages derived from the neural crest (NC). Pax-3 is expressed in the NC and when mutated in the splotch mouse (Sp) results in the loss of derivatives from this precursor cell population. We have investigated the role of Pax-3 in regulating the generation of neurons from NC-derived precursor cells(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an extremely prevalent cause of dementia. It is characterized by progressive memory loss, confusion, and other behavioral and physiological problems. The amyloid-β (Aβ) protein is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of AD, and there is evidence that Aβ may act through the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75) to mediate its(More)