Graham Knowles

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BACKGROUND Gastric bypass has repeatedly been shown to improve and even cure type 2 diabetes by substantially improving insulin resistance. The mechanism by which it achieves this is not currently known, but some have hypothesized that there may be important humoral effects brought about by the bypass of the stomach, duodenum or proximal jejunum. A better(More)
In New Zealand, wild deer and feral pigs are assumed to be spillover hosts for Mycobacterium bovis, and so are not targeted in efforts aimed at locally eradicating bovine tuberculosis (TB) from possums (Trichosurus vulpecula), the main wildlife host. Here we review the epidemiology of TB in deer and pigs, and assess whether New Zealand's TB management(More)
The introduced Australian brushtail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula) is a maintenance host for bovine tuberculosis (TB) in New Zealand and plays a central role in the TB problem in this country. The TB-possum problem emerged in the late 1960s, and intensive lethal control of possums is now used to reduce densities to low levels over 8 million ha of the(More)
Sarcoidosis, a multisystem disease of unknown aetiology, is characterized by the formation of non-caseating granulomas which may involve any organ of the body. The commonest sites of predilection are the lungs, skin and lymph nodes. We now report a patient who presented with palmar erythema which on biopsy confirmed the presence of non-caseating granulomas(More)
This evidence-based review summarises information on the effectiveness and safety Whole Body Vibration across a range of populations for varying purposes. It is not intended to replace clinical judgement or to be used as a clinical protocol. A reasonable attempt has been made to find and review papers relevant to the focus of this report. It does not claim(More)
CASE HISTORY An investigation was conducted to identify the cause of mortalities in freshwater reared Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Mortalities occurred in juvenile salmon, at a salmon rearing facility in the South Island of New Zealand. The affected fish were from a pen inside the facility with no surrounding pens or other year classes(More)
AIMS To investigate the relationship between loss of parts of the pinna in rabbits and rabbit haemorrhagic disease (MD). METHODS A case-control study design was employed. Rabbits with ear lesions were shot on farms in various locations in the South Island of New Zealand. For each case, an attempt was made to obtain a sex and size-matched control rabbit(More)
Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. farmed in south-east Tasmania, Australia, are susceptible to infection by the Tasmanian Rickettsia-like organism (TRLO), a Gram-negative bacterium. Here, we report the first isolation of TRLO from south-east Tasmania in pure culture and show that the bacterium is culturable on both specialised enriched agar and in cell culture(More)
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