Graham Hocking

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Ketamine has diverse effects that may be of relevance to chronic pain including: N-methyl-D-aspartic acid, alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid, kainate, gamma-aminobutyric acid(A) receptors; inhibition of voltage gated Na(+) and K(+) channels and serotonin, dopamine re-uptake. Ketamine has been in clinical practice for over 30 yr;(More)
Until recently epidural abscess was considered a rare, almost theoretical, complication of central nerve block, but anecdotal reports suggest that this is no longer the case. Thus a review of the risk factors, pathogenesis, clinical features and outcome of this condition is appropriate, the primary aim being to make recommendations on best anaesthetic(More)
We investigated the effect of leg position on the depth of the sciatic nerve and quality of ultrasound images taken at the proximal and mid-thigh level. Twenty-one volunteers with average body mass index were recruited to represent the younger population receiving sciatic nerve blocks for sports injury surgery. The volunteers were placed in the lateral(More)
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