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Exposure to heterocyclic amines may increase prostate cancer risk. Human sulfotransferase 1A1 (SULT1A1) is involved in the bioactivation of some dietary procarcinogens, including the N-hydroxy metabolite of the food-borne heterocyclic amine, 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo(4,5-b) pyridine. This study compares a polymorphism in the SULT1A1 gene, SULT1A1(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the implantation of human prostate cancer cells into the prostates of nude mice and their subsequent growth there can be used to select variants with increasing metastatic potential. PC-3M and LNCaP cells were injected into the prostates of athymic mice. Tumors from the prostate or lymph nodes were(More)
PURPOSE We determined nadir prostate specific antigen (PSA) after salvage cryotherapy to distinguish patients who are potentially cured from those at risk for subsequent biochemical and biopsy proved failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 146 patients who underwent salvage cryotherapy were followed a median of 21 months (range 3 to 47) with regular(More)
We determined whether the IFN-beta gene can be used to suppress angiogenesis, tumor growth, and metastasis of human prostate cancer cells growing in the prostate of nude mice. Highly metastatic PC-3M human prostate cancer cells were engineered to constitutively produce murine IFN-beta subsequent to infection with a retroviral vector containing murine(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the expression level of several metastasis-regulating genes correlates with the metastatic potential of human prostate cancer cells implanted into the prostate of nude mice. The steady-state mRNA expression levels for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR; growth), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and(More)
We examined the expression level of several genes that regulate different steps of metastasis in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded archival specimens of primary human colon carcinomas from patients with at least 5 years of follow-up. The expression of epidermal growth factor receptor, basic fibroblast growth factor, type IV collagenase, E-cadherin, and(More)
Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths among men in the United States,but the precise molecular events leading to prostate carcinogenesis are not well understood. We isolated histologically defined cell populations from prostate cancer and its preinvasive lesions using laser capture microdissection, and performed genetic analysis on(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether stable differences in apoptosis sensitivity were selected for in nonmetastatic and metastatic variants of the LNCaP human prostate carcinoma line that had been isolated from tumors grown orthotopically in the prostate glands and regional lymph nodes of nude mice. The nonmetastatic LNCaP-Pro5 cells were(More)
PURPOSE Our objective was to identify clinical pretreatment factors associated with early treatment failure after salvage cryotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between 1992 and 1995, 145 patients underwent salvage cryotherapy for locally recurrent adenocarcinoma of the prostate. Treatment failure was defined as an increasing postcryotherapy serial(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate whether polymorphisms in genes involved in the repair of oxidative DNA damage, modulate, and/or interact with antioxidants to influence prostate cancer risk in a population-based case-control study in Central Arkansas. Accumulating evidence indicates that oxidative stress plays a role in prostate carcinogenesis. METHODS Cases (n(More)