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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a novel class of small, non-coding, single-stranded RNAs that negatively regulate gene expression via translational inhibition or mRNA degradation followed by protein synthesis repression. Many miRNAs are expressed in a tissue- and/or cell-specific manner and their expression patterns are reflective of underlying patho-physiologic… (More)
Activation of an endogenous endonuclease has been observed in conjunction with the structural changes of apoptosis in a wide variety of cell types and circumstances. The endonuclease is present constitutively in some cells (e.g. rodent cortical thymocytes) in which apoptosis is readily triggered by many unrelated stimuli, but is inducible in others.… (More)
The expression of c-myc was studied in 51 malignant lymphomas and in a variety of normal tissues by immunocytochemistry using monoclonal antibodies raised to different synthetic peptides and reacting monospecifically with the c-myc product (p62c-myc). The c-myc product was detected in only a minority of malignant lymphomas principally those containing cells… (More)
Membrane proteins orchestrate key events required for participation of sperm in fertilisation. These proteins may be removed or altered due to the mechanical and dilution stressors associated with sex-sorting of sperm. Ram sperm were incubated with Hoechst 33342 and flow-sorted. Sex-selected (viable, orientated) and waste (separated into non-viable or… (More)
A fundamental tenet of biology is that the phenotype of an organism is ultimately determined by its complement of genes. In multicellular organisms, it is the regulated pattern of expression of genes which determines the proliferation and differentiation of individual cell lineages and hence establishes the adult phenotype. It is therefore no surprise that… (More)
Programmed cell death, or apoptosis, is a tightly-controlled phenomenon that is important in many pathological processes. Several important regulators of apoptosis have now been identified and can be targeted for manipulation.