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A protocol for reverse transcription followed by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) analysis of tissue-specific and genotype-variable gene expression in sugarcane (Saccharum sp.) was developed. A key requirement for this analysis was the identification of a housekeeping gene with transcript levels that were relatively stable across tissues and genotypes,(More)
Sugarcane accumulates high concentrations of sucrose in the mature stem and a number of physiological processes on-going in maturing stem tissue both directly and indirectly allow this process. To identify transcripts that are associated with stem maturation, we compared patterns of gene expression in maturing and immature stem tissue by expression(More)
Commercial sugarcane, belonging to the genus Saccharum (Poaceae), is an important industrial crop accounting for nearly 70% of sugar produced worldwide. Compared to other major crops, efforts to improve sugarcane are limited and relatively recent, with the first introduction of interspecific hybrids about 80 yr ago. Progress in traditional breeding of(More)
Sugarcane is an important crop in tropical regions of the world, producing a very large biomass and accumulating large amounts of sucrose in the stem. In this study, we present the first report of transcript profiling using the GeneChip Sugarcane Genome Array. We have identified transcripts that are differentially expressed in the sugarcane stem during(More)
Little is known about the extent of allelic diversity of genes in the complex polyploid, sugarcane. Using sucrose phosphate synthase (SPS) Gene (SPS) Family III as an example, we have amplified and sequenced a 400 nt region from this gene from two sugarcane lines that are parents of a mapping population. Ten single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were(More)
The ability of sugarcane to accumulate high concentrations of sucrose in its culm requires adaptation to maintain cellular function under the high solute load. We have investigated the expression of 51 genes implicated in abiotic stress to determine their expression in the context of sucrose accumulation by studying mature and immature culm internodes of a(More)
A major focus of sugarcane variety improvement programs is to increase sugar yield, which can be accomplished by either increasing the sugar content of the cane or by increasing cane yield, as the correlation between these traits is low. We used a cross between an Australian sugarcane variety Q165, and a Saccharum officinarum accession, IJ76-514, to dissect(More)
Sucrose content increases with internode development down the stem of sugarcane. In an attempt to determine which other changes in metabolites may be linked to sucrose accumulation gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to obtain metabolic profiles from methanol/water extracts of four samples of different age down the stem of cultivar Q117. Extracts(More)
Plant vacuoles are frequently targeted as a storage site for novel products. We have used environment-sensitive fluorescent dyes and the expression of vacuolar marker proteins to characterize the vacuoles in different organs and cell types of sugarcane. The results demonstrated that the lumen of the vacuole in the parenchyma cells of the stem is acidic (<pH(More)
Sugarcane is a crop of great interest for engineering of sustainable biomaterials and biofuel production. Isolated sugarcane promoters have generally not maintained the expected patterns of reporter transgene expression. This could arise from defective promoters on redundant alleles in the highly polyploid genome, or from efficient transgene silencing. To(More)