Graham C. Fletcher

Learn More
Autophagy is a mechanism whereby cells digest themselves from within and so may be used in lieu of apoptosis to execute cell death. Little is known about its role in neurons. In newly isolated sympathetic neurons, two independent apoptotic stimuli, NGF-deprivation or cytosine arabinoside added in the presence of NGF, caused a 30-fold increase in autophagic(More)
Biogenic amines have been reported in a variety of foods, such as fish, meat, cheese, vegetables, and wines. They are described as low molecular weight organic bases with aliphatic, aromatic, and heterocyclic structures. The most common biogenic amines found in foods are histamine, tyramine, cadaverine, 2-phenylethylamine, spermine, spermidine, putrescine,(More)
Smoked fish has been the most commonly implicated product in presumptive cases of scombroid poisoning in New Zealand. One hundred seven samples of smoked fish were purchased from Auckland retail markets between July 1995 and March 1996, and their histamine and bacterial levels were determined. Eight samples, obtained from five of the nine retail outlets(More)
The food-borne pathogen Vibrio parahaemolyticus has been reported as being present in New Zealand (NZ) seawaters, but there have been no reported outbreaks of food-borne infection from commercially grown NZ seafood. Our study determined the current incidence of V. parahaemolyticus in NZ oysters and Greenshell mussels and the prevalence of V.(More)
Rihaakuru is a traditional Maldivian side dish consumed mainly with rice. It is a thick brown fish paste, made from tuna after prolonged heating. Samples tested were found to have a low water activity (0.55-0.8), slightly acidic pH (5.62-6.18) and moderate salt content (1.4-1.6%). The product was found to be rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids such as(More)
The biogenic amine concentration in Rihaakuru (a fish paste) (n=28), obtained from different parts of the Maldives (North, South, and Central), was determined by HPLC. Ten biogenic amines were detected; agmatine, not detected (ND) - 161ppm; cadaverine, ND - 387ppm; histamine, ND - 5487ppm; putrescine, ND - 290ppm; phenylethylamine, ND - 23ppm; serotonin, ND(More)
The shelf life of fresh fish and meat transported over long distances could be extended by using plant-based extracts to control spoilage bacteria. The goals of the present study were to identify plant-based extracts that effectively suppress the main spoilage bacteria of chilled fish and lamb and to assess their antioxidant capacity. The phenolic compounds(More)
Contamination of mussels with the human pathogen Listeria monocytogenes occurs during processing in the factory, possibly from bacteria persisting in the factory's indoor and outdoor areas. In this study, a selection of persistent (n=8) and sporadic (n=8) L. monocytogenes isolates associated with mussel-processing premises in New Zealand were investigated(More)