Graham B Bloomberg

Learn More
We detected a protein in rabbit skeletal muscle extracts that was phosphorylated rapidly by SGK1 (serum- and glucocorticoid-induced kinase 1), but not by protein kinase Ba, and identified it as NDRG2 (N-myc downstream-regulated gene 2). SGK1 phosphorylated NDRG2 at Thr330, Ser332 and Thr348 in vitro. All three residues were phosphorylated in skeletal muscle(More)
MSK1 (mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase) is a kinase activated in cells downstream of both the ERK1/2 (extracellular-signal-regulated kinase) and p38 MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) cascades. In the present study, we show that, in addition to being phosphorylated on Thr-581 and Ser-360 by ERK1/2 or p38, MSK1 can autophosphorylate on at(More)
Lactoferricin B (LF-B) is a peptide derived from acid-pepsin digestion of bovine lactoferrin, which has antimicrobial properties. In order to assess the antimicrobial spectrum of LF-B and its possible in vivo uses, the minimum inhibitory and microbicidal concentrations of pure lactoferricin B were determined for a range of bacterial species and under(More)
The WAVE family of proteins has long been implicated in the stimulus-dependent generation of lamellipodia at the leading edge of migrating cells, with WAVE2 in particular implicated in the formation of peripheral ruffles and chemotactic migration. However, the lack of direct visualisation of cell migration in WAVE2 mutants or knockdowns has made defining(More)
The membrane domain of the human red cell anion transport protein, band 3, is too large to be studied by solution nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), and its amphiphilic nature requires the use of detergents for solubilization. An alternative approach is to divide the protein into smaller (trans-membrane or surface loop) domains for NMR study. We(More)
Protein-tyrosine phosphatase-L1 (PTPL1, also known as FAP-1, PTP1E, PTP-BAS, and PTPN13) is mutated in a significant number of colorectal tumors and may play a role in down-regulating signaling responses mediated by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, although the precise substrates are as yet unknown. In this study, we describe a 1.8 A resolution crystal(More)
Intimin is a bacterial adhesion molecule involved in intimate attachment of enteropathogenic and enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli to mammalian host cells. Intimin targets the translocated intimin receptor (Tir), which is exported by the bacteria and integrated into the host cell plasma membrane. In this study we localized the Tir-binding region of(More)
NDRG1 is phosphorylated by SGK1 (but not PKB) in vivo at three residues each contained within three nonapeptide repeats. Here, we demonstrate that this nonapeptide, like the NDRG1 protein, is phosphorylated by SGK1, but not by PKBalpha or RSK1 in vitro. The inability of PKBalpha and RSK1 to phosphorylate the nonapeptide was traced to residues n+1, n+2 and(More)
We have used circular dichroism to study synthetic peptides from two important regions of the prion protein: the N-terminal octa-repeat domain and a highly conserved hydrophobic section. Our results show that the octa-repeat sequence in free solution can adopt a non-random, extended conformation with properties similar to the poly-L-proline type II(More)
We have carried out a solution-state NMR study of synthetic peptides patterned on the first membrane span of normal human band 3, and the same region of the mutant band 3 present in Southeast Asian ovalocytosis (SAO) which has a nine amino acid deletion. In 1:1 (v/v) chloroform/methanol, the 42 residue normal peptide (R389-K430) consisted of three helical(More)