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The beta-chemokines MIP-1alpha, MIP-1beta and RANTES inhibit infection of CD4+ T cells by primary, non-syncytium-inducing (NSI) HIV-1 strains at the virus entry stage, and also block env-mediated cell-cell membrane fusion. CD4+ T cells from some HIV-1-exposed uninfected individuals cannot fuse with NSI HIV-1 strains and secrete high levels of(More)
The beta-chemokine receptor CCR-5 is an essential co-factor for fusion of HIV-1 strains of the non-syncytium-inducing (NSI) phenotype with CD4+ T-cells. The primary binding site for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 is the CD4 molecule, and the interaction is mediated by the viral surface glycoprotein gp120 (refs 6, 7). The mechanism of CCR-5 function(More)
We have tested three human monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) IgG1b12, 2G12, and 2F5) to the envelope glycoproteins of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), and a tetrameric CD4-IgG molecule (CD4-IgG2), for the ability to neutralize primary HIV-1 isolates from the genetic clades A through F and from group O. Each of the reagents broadly and potently(More)
BACKGROUND The HIV-1 maturation inhibitor, 3-O-(3',3'-dimethylsuccinyl) betulinic acid (bevirimat, PA-457) is a promising drug candidate with 10 nM in vitro antiviral activity against multiple wild-type (WT) and drug-resistant HIV-1 isolates. Bevirimat has a novel mechanism of action, specifically inhibiting cleavage of spacer peptide 1 (SP1) from the(More)
Molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulation were applied to study the binding mode of 3',4'-di-O-(S)-camphanoyl-(+)-cis-khellactone (DCK) analogs anti-HIV inhibitors with HIV-1 RT. The results suggest that there is a strong hydrogen bond between DCK O16 and NH of Lys101, and that DCK analogues might act similarly as other types of HIV-1 RT(More)
Bevirimat is the first in a new class of HIV drugs called maturation inhibitors that specifically inhibit the last step in processing of Gag, the conversion of capsid-SP1 (p25) to capsid (p24). Following bevirimat treatment, viral particles released from infected cells have abnormal core structures and are non-infectious. The compound is a potent inhibitor(More)
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