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OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence, clinical characteristics, and management of coronary chronic total occlusions (CTOs) in current practice. BACKGROUND There is little evidence in contemporary literature concerning the prevalence, clinical characteristics, and treatment decisions regarding patients who have coronary CTOs(More)
Rapid 3D mapping of T(1) relaxation times is valuable in diverse clinical applications. Recently, the variable flip angle (VFA) spoiled gradient recalled echo approach was shown to be a practical alternative to conventional methods, providing better precision and speed. However, the method is known to be sensitive to transmit field (B(1) (+)) inhomogeneity(More)
Recently, it has been suggested that gas encapsulated distensible microbubbles may serve as pressure probes in the MR field through the relationship between bubble size and 1/T(2) or 1/T(*)(2). Currently, in vivo application of this technique is hindered by the ability of T(2) or T(*)(2) to detect pressure changes that are clinically relevant. This work(More)
The extension of MR imaging to new applications has demonstrated the limitations of the architecture of current real-time systems. Traditional real-time implementations provide continuous acquisition of data and modification of basic sequence parameters on the fly. We have extended the concept of real-time MRI by designing a system that drives the(More)
Our objective was to establish a novel model for the study of ventricular fibrillation (VF) in humans. We adopted the established techniques of optical mapping to human ventricles for the first time to determine whether human VF is the result of wave breaks and singularity point formation and is maintained by high-frequency rotors and fibrillatory(More)
The aim of this work was to demonstrate the correspondence between a macroscopic 3D computer model of electrophysiology (i.e., the Aliev-Panfilov model) parametrized with MR data and experimental characterization of action potential propagation in large porcine hearts, ex vivo, using optical methods (based on voltage-sensitive fluorescence). A secondary(More)
Many have speculated that MRI signal characteristics can be used to identify regions of heterogeneous infarct associated with an arrhythmogenic substrate; however, direct evidence of this relationship is limited. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the remodelling characteristics of fibrosis by means of histology and high-resolution MR imaging. For(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES A fully automated left ventricle segmentation method for the functional analysis of cine short axis (SAX) magnetic resonance (MR) images was developed, and its performance evaluated with 133 studies of subjects with diverse pathology: ischemic heart failure (n=34), non-ischemic heart failure (n=30), hypertrophy (n=32), and healthy(More)
PURPOSE Currently, the use of cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to identify cardiac quiescent periods relative to the electrocardiogram (ECG) signal is insufficient for producing submillimeter-resolution coronary MR angiography (MRA) images. In this work, the authors perform a time series comparison between tissue Doppler echocardiograms of the(More)