Graeme Robert Nimmo

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Infections caused by community-acquired (CA)-methicillin--resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) have been reported worldwide. We assessed whether any common genetic markers existed among 117 CA-MRSA isolates from the United States, France, Switzerland, Australia, New Zealand, and Western Samoa by performing polymerase chain reaction for 24 virulence(More)
A prospective population-based study was conducted in Australia and New Zealand during 1994-1997 to elucidate the epidemiology of cryptococcosis due to Cryptococcus neoformans var. neoformans (CNVN) and C. neoformans var. gattii (CNVG) and to relate clinical manifestations to host immune status and cryptococcal variety. The mean annual incidence per 10(6)(More)
Beneficial effects with statin use are increasingly reported in a variety of patient groups. There is in vitro and clinical evidence for its antiinflammatory and immunomodulatory therapeutic roles. We aimed to assess the association between statin administration and mortality in bacteraemic patients. A retrospective cohort analysis. A 300-bed acute general(More)
A series of epidemics of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) have occurred in Australia, starting in Western Australia in the early 1990s, in the Northern Territory soon thereafter and in eastern states in the mid 1990s. The Western Australian epidemic has been due mainly to Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL)-negative(More)
The 24 h urinary excretion of paracetamol and its metabolites following a single oral dose of 1.5 g was compared in 111 Caucasians (Scotland), 67 West Africans (Ghana) and 20 East Africans (Kenya). The fractional recovery of the mercapturic acid and cysteine conjugates of paracetamol was 9.3% in the Caucasians compared with only 5.2% and 4.4% in the(More)
OBJECTIVE To document the types of, and mortality from, Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia in Australia and New Zealand, and determine factors associated with mortality. DESIGN AND SETTING Prospective observational study in 27 independent or hospital pathology laboratories in Australia (24) and New Zealand (3), employing a web-based database to(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the incidence and epidemiology of non-multiresistant methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (nmMRSA) infection in south-east Queensland, Australia. STUDY DESIGN A retrospective survey was done of hospital records of all patients who had non-multiresistant MRSA isolated at Ipswich Hospital (a 250-bed general hospital, 40 km(More)
The epidemic of USA300-0114 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in the USA has been remarkable for its virulence and for its ability to cause infections in both the community and healthcare settings. Although it has mainly been associated with skin and soft tissue infections, particularly furunculosis, it has also caused severe(More)
In asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU), bacteria colonize the urinary tract without provoking symptoms. Here, we compared the virulence properties of a collection of ABU Escherichia coli strains to cystitis and pyelonephritis strains. Specific urinary tract infection (UTI)-associated virulence genes, hemagglutination characteristics, siderophore production,(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe antimicrobial resistance and molecular epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated in community settings in Australia. DESIGN AND SETTING Survey of S. aureus isolates collected prospectively Australia-wide between July 2004 and February 2005; results were compared with those of similar surveys(More)