Graeme P. Penney

Learn More
A comparison of six similarity measures for use in intensity-based two-dimensional-three-dimensional (2-D-3-D) image registration is presented. The accuracy of the similarity measures are compared to a "gold-standard" registration which has been accurately calculated using fiducial markers. The similarity measures are used to register a computed tomography(More)
This work presents a framework for non-rigid registration which extends and generalizes a previously developed technique by Rueckert et al. [1]. We combine multi-resolution optimization with free-form deformations (FFDs) based on multi-level B-splines to simulate a non-uniform control point distribution. We have applied this to a number of different medical(More)
Registration of intraoperative fluoroscopy images with preoperative 3D CT images can he used for several purposes in image-guided surgery. On the one hand, it can be used to display the position of surgical instruments, which are being tracked by a localizer, in the preoperative CT scan. On the other hand, the registration result can be used to project(More)
A method is presented to interpolate between neighboring slices in a grey-scale tomographic data set. Spatial correspondence between adjacent slices is established using a nonrigid registration algorithm based on B-splines which optimizes the normalized mutual information similarity measure. Linear interpolation of the image intensities is then carried out(More)
We present a method to register a preoperative MR volume to a sparse set of intraoperative ultrasound slices. Our aim is to allow the transfer of information from preoperative modalities to intraoperative ultrasound images to aid needle placement during thermal ablation of liver metastases. The spatial relationship between ultrasound slices is obtained by(More)
Statistical shape modelling potentially provides a powerful tool for generating patient-specific, 3D representations of bony anatomy for computer-aided orthopaedic surgery (CAOS) without the need for a preoperative CT scan. Furthermore, freehand 3D ultrasound (US) provides a non-invasive method for digitising bone surfaces in the operating theatre that(More)
In the past few years, a number of two-dimensional (2-D) to three-dimensional (3-D) (2-D-3-D) registration algorithms have been introduced. However, these methods have been developed and evaluated for specific applications, and have not been directly compared. Understanding and evaluating their performance is therefore an open and important issue. To(More)
Intraoperative freehand three-dimensional (3-D) ultrasound (3D-US) has been proposed as a noninvasive method for registering bones to a preoperative computed tomography image or computer-generated bone model during computer-aided orthopedic surgery (CAOS). In this technique, an US probe is tracked by a 3-D position sensor and acts as a percutaneous device(More)
We present a method for alignment of an interventional plan to optically tracked two-dimensional intraoperative ultrasound (US) images of the liver. Our clinical motivation is to enable the accurate transfer of information from three-dimensional preoperative imaging modalities [magnetic resonance (MR) or computed tomography (CT)] to intraoperative US to aid(More)