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The CO₂ respired by darkened, light-adapted, leaves is enriched in ¹³C during the first minutes, and this effect may be related to rapid changes in leaf respiratory biochemistry upon darkening. We hypothesized that this effect would be evident at the ecosystem scale. High temporal resolution measurements of the carbon isotope composition of ecosystem(More)
Responses of photosynthesis to carbon dioxide (CO2) partial pressure and irradiance were measured on leaves of 39-year-old trees of manuka (Leptospermum scoparium J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.) and kanuka (Kunzea ericoides var. ericoides (A. Rich.) J. Thompson) at a field site, and on leaves of young trees grown at three nitrogen supply rates in a nursery, to(More)
Eleven males with XLP were evaluated for EBV-specific antibodies during periods of 2 to 7 yr. Variable responses to EBV-specific antigens were found. All 11 patients had subnormal anti-EBNA titers, which probably reflected a T cell deficiency. The patients showed four different patterns in their anti-VCA response: 1) two boys who had experienced malignant(More)
Here we develop and test a method to scale sap velocity measurements from individual trees to canopy transpiration (E(c)) in a low-productivity, old-growth rainforest dominated by the conifer Dacrydium cupressinum. Further, E(c) as a component of the ecosystem water balance is quantified in relation to forest floor evaporation rates and measurements of(More)
Analyses of 100 subjects with the X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome (XLP) in 25 kindreds revealed four major interrelated phenotypes: infectious mononucleosis, malignant B-cell lymphoma, aplastic anemia, and hypogammaglobulinemia. Eighty-one of the patients died. Two male subjects were asymptomatic but showed immunodeficiency to Epstein-Barr virus(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the value of routine polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis on intraocular fluid from patients presenting with a first episode of suspected active infectious posterior uveitis in a population with a high prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus infection. DESIGN Retrospective, interventional case series. Participants. 159(More)
AIMS AND BACKGROUND While the temperature response of soil respiration (R(S)) has been well studied, the partitioning of heterotrophic respiration (R(H)) by soil microbes from autotrophic respiration (R(A)) by roots, known to have distinct temperature sensitivities, has been problematic. Further complexity stems from the presence of roots affecting R(H),(More)
PURPOSE To estimate the prevalence and causes of blindness and visual impairment in Cape Town, South Africa and to explore socio-economic and demographic predictors of vision loss in this setting. METHODS A cross sectional population-based survey was conducted in Cape Town. Eighty-two clusters were selected using probability proportionate to size(More)
In 1974, an 11-year-old white boy with the X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome developed hyper-IgM after becoming infected with Epstein-Barr virus. However, he failed to develop normal immune responses against the virus. In December 1981, when red cell aplasia occurred, he was given packed erythrocytes and gammaglobulin. Nine weeks later, acute infectious(More)
PURPOSE To determine the outcomes of sutured scleral fixation of posterior chamber intraocular lenses (PC IOLs) after trauma in an African population. SETTING State hospital and affiliated district hospital, Cape Town, South Africa. DESIGN Case series. METHODS A retrospective review was performed of the medical records of patients in whom a sutured PC(More)