Graeme L. Conn

Learn More
Animals utilize hundreds of distinct G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)-type chemosensory receptors to detect a diverse array of chemical signals in their environment, including odors, pheromones, and tastants. However, the molecular mechanisms by which these receptors selectively interact with their cognate ligands remain poorly understood. There is growing(More)
Glioma-derived vascular endothelial cell growth factor (GD-VEGF) is a 46-kDa dimeric glycoprotein mitogen with apparently greater specificity for vascular endothelial cells than the well-characterized fibroblast growth factors. The GD-VEGF cDNA sequence encodes a 190-amino acid residue subunit that is converted, by removal of an amino-terminal hydrophobic(More)
The structure of a highly conserved complex between a 58-nucleotide domain of large subunit ribosomal RNA and the RNA-binding domain of ribosomal protein L11 has been solved at 2.8 angstrom resolution. It reveals a precisely folded RNA structure that is stabilized by extensive tertiary contacts and contains an unusually large core of stacked bases. A bulge(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) has been shown to function as a potent mitogen for a variety of cells, transducing its signal through the c-met tyrosine kinase receptor. Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) is a cytokine that has been shown to promote survival of motor neurons. We show here that c-met mRNA is present in the embryonic rat spinal cord. Peak(More)
The majority of the eukaryotic genome is transcribed, generating a significant number of long intergenic noncoding RNAs (lincRNAs). Although lincRNAs represent the most poorly understood product of transcription, recent work has shown lincRNAs fulfill important cellular functions. In addition to low sequence conservation, poor understanding of structural(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent and selective mitogen for endothelial cells that is angiogenic in vivo and induced by hypoxia. A homologous protein, placenta growth factor (PlGF), is also reported to be mitogenic for endothelial cells in culture. The rat GS-9L glioma cell line produces not only VEGF homodimers but also PlGF homodimers(More)
The internal ribosome entry site (IRES) elements of cardioviruses (e.g., encephalomyocarditis virus [EMCV] and foot-and-mouth disease virus) are predicted to have very similar secondary structures. Among these complex RNA structures there is only rather limited complete sequence conservation. Within the J domain of the EMCV IRES there are four highly(More)
The electrophoretic behavior of defined DNA and RNA oligonucleotide duplexes from 10 to 20 bp in length has been investigated as a function of salt conditions, gel concentration, and temperature. The RNA oligomers migrated much more slowly than the DNA oligomers of the same sequence under all conditions. From sedimentation equilibrium and velocity(More)
The structure of a 58 nucleotide ribosomal RNA fragment buries several phosphate groups of a hairpin loop within a large tertiary core. During refinement of an X-ray crystal structure containing this RNA, a potassium ion was found to be contacted by six oxygen atoms from the buried phosphate groups; the ion is contained completely within the(More)
The x-ray crystal structure of the thiostrepton resistance RNA methyltransferase (Tsr).S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet) complex was determined at 2.45-A resolution. Tsr is definitively confirmed as a Class IV methyltransferase of the SpoU family with an N-terminal "L30-like" putative target recognition domain. The structure and our in vitro analysis of the(More)