Graeme Jahns

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The hypothesis being tested is that Super Dwarf wheat, Triticum aestivum L., plants in the Svet Greenhouse onboard the Russian Space Station Mir will complete a life cycle in spaceflight, providing that the environmental conditions necessary for adequate growth on Earth are supplied. Twenty six seeds of wheat were planted in each of 2 rows of 2 root(More)
To study plant growth in microgravity, we grew Super Dwarf wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in the Svet growth chamber onboard the orbiting Russian space station, Mir, and in identical ground control units at the Institute of BioMedical Problems in Moscow, Russia. Seedling emergence was 56% and 73% in the two root-module compartments on Mir and 75% and 90% on(More)
Plasma concentrations of T4, FT4, T3, rT3 and TBG, as well as of TSH before and after stimulation with TRH were studied in 25 patients, who had been treated with amiodarone for up to nine years. At the beginning of therapy, all the parameters mentioned above were found to be in the normal range in all patients. After two months of therapy, T4 had increased(More)
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ) was measured in serum and muscle of 17 patients with ophthalmoplegia plus (including 5 patients with Kearns-Sayre syndrome), in muscle of 9 patients with neurogenic atrophies, 5 patients with myositis, and 5 patients with progressive muscular dystrophies (including 1 patient with oculopharyngeal dystrophy), and in serum and muscle of(More)
The control of water content and water movement in granular substrate-based plant root systems in microgravity is a complex problem. Improper water and oxygen delivery to plant roots has delayed studies of the effects of microgravity on plant development and the use of plants in physical and mental life support systems. Our international effort (USA, Russia(More)
BACKGROUND beta-2 microglobulin is predominant in amyloid deposits in patients undergoing long term hemodialysis. Amyloid accumulation has been ascribed to dialysis membranes, endotoxin contamination of the dialysate, uremia and chronic systemic inflammation associated with enhanced monocytic cytokine production in hemodialyzed patients. Interleukin-1 has(More)
The norepinephrine (NE) content in discrete brain areas and the vasopressin content in the neurohypophysial system were assessed in rats after a 9-d spaceflight and after a recovery period (9 d). The NE content in the locus coeruleus decreased significantly in spaceflight rats (2.9 +/- 0.3 vs. 8.9 +/- 0.7 pmol.structure-1 for control rats, p < 0.001), but(More)
We have investigated the role of the membrane molecules CD11/CD18 and CD14 which may mediate the binding of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to human monocytes, in the induction of the production and release of interleukin (IL)-1 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) by LPS-stimulated cells. Blockade of CD11a, CD11b and CD18 with saturating concentrations of(More)
As a part of the first joint USA-Russian MIR/Shuttle program, fertilized quail eggs were flown on the MIR 18 mission. Post-flight examination indicated impaired survival of both the embryos in space and also of control embryo exposed to vibrational and g-forces simulating the condition experienced during the launch of Progress 227. We hypothesized that(More)