Graeme J. Carroll

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Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA); however, the prevalence and natural history are undefined. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of ILD associated with RA using a number of sensitive techniques in patients with joint disease of less than 2-yr duration. Patients who met ARA criteria for RA were recruited from(More)
Recent studies have implicated leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) in human joint disease. LIF is produced by cultured synovial cells and articular chondrocytes, stimulates cartilage and bone resorption, and has been detected in inflammatory exudates from arthritic joints. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of intraarticular injections of human(More)
The application of Fc (fragment crystallizable)-based cytokines (the fusion of the constant region of IgG to a cytokine of interest) as biotherapeutic agents to modulate inflammatory and immune responses has become increasingly popular in recent years. This is because in their monomeric form, cytokines are relatively small molecules with short serum(More)
BACKGROUND An education self-management program for people with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee was designed to be delivered by health professionals, incorporating their knowledge and expertise. Improvement in quality of life, health status and pain in response to this program has previously been demonstrated in an uncontrolled pilot study. To more(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of methotrexate (MTX) on the numbers of leukocytes in the peripheral blood (PB) and synovial fluid (SF) of patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS Twelve patients were treated with MTX; 5 patients not taking MTX served as controls. Samples of PB and SF were collected at 0, 1, 4, and 8 weeks of the study.(More)
OBJECTIVE Methotrexate (MTX) is being used increasingly to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Pneumonitis is a serious side effect of MTX therapy (P-MTX). Our aim was to determine in patients with RA the incidence and prevalence of P-MTX in Western Australia and identify risk factors for the development of this adverse reaction. METHODS Patients with P-MTX(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency and character of arthropathy in hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) and to investigate the relationship between this arthropathy, nodal interphalangeal osteoarthritis, and iron load. METHODS Participants were recruited from the community by newspaper advertisement and assigned to diagnostic confidence categories for HH(More)
INTRODUCTION Our aim in the present study was to determine whether a disease-specific self-management program for primary care patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee (the Osteoarthritis of the Knee Self-Management Program (OAK)) implemented by health care professionals would achieve and maintain clinically meaningful improvements in health-related(More)
OBJECTIVES Previous studies of patients with primary hand and ankle osteoarthritis (OA) have suggested the presence of two major polyarticular OA (POA) phenotypes, designated Type 1 and Type 2. The former, characterised by sentinel distal interphalangeal (IP) (DIP) or proximal IP (PIP) joint OA resembles generalised OA (GOA), whereas the latter(More)