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Trophoblast growth and invasion of the uterus are tightly regulated by locally produced factors. Since insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-II is produced by the invasive human extravillous trophoblast (EVT) cells and IGF-binding protein (IGFBP)-1 by the decidual cells in situ that are in proximity to each other, we examined the possible influence of these(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a homodimeric glycoprotein that promotes angiogenesis and vascular hyperpermeability and interacts with two receptors, fms-like tyrosine kinase (Flt-1) and kinase domain-containing region (KDR). In situ localization in the pregnant human uterus revealed that VEGF mRNA is expressed primarily by the maternal(More)
Invasion of the uterus by first trimester human placental extravillous trophoblast (EVT) cells depends on mechanisms shared by malignant cells. However, unlike tumor invasion, trophoblast invasion of the uterus is stringently controlled in situ by local molecules such as transforming growth factor (TGF)beta. Since EVT cells possess active(More)
Uterine extracellular fluid volume (ECFV), vascular permeability (VP), and blood flow (BF) were assessed after unilateral infusion of PBS, 0.05 mM indomethacin (IM), or IM plus 1 mg/ml prostaglandin (PG) E2 (PGE2) into uteri of rats sensitized for decidualization. The study was intended to determine the importance of PGE2 in mediating uterine vascular(More)
Uterine vascular permeability (VP) was assessed after unilateral intrauterine injection of sesame oil to rats given either optimal sensitization for the decidual cell reaction or one of several forms of suboptimal sensitization. The study was intended to determine the relationship between changes in uterine VP and imminent endometrial decidualization.(More)
The estrous cycles of adult female rats were synchronized with an LHRH agonist on the morning of Day -4 (Day 0 = day of mating). On Day -2, animals received s.c. implants of continuous-infusion osmotic minipumps containing different doses of an FSH preparation (Folltropin) in combination with hCG at various ratios of hCG:FSH or were given single injections(More)
Interviews with four apparently sporadic cases of legionnaires' disease identified by laboratory reporting in one health district revealed that three of the four cases had been exposed to a new design of spa pool on display at a retail outlet. The fourth case had been exposed to the same design of spa pool in a private home. None had bathed in the spa pool.(More)
Gadolinium-DTPA enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has been used to demonstrate uterine vascular changes during ovoimplantation and artificially induced decidualization in rats. Evans blue dye and Gd-DTPA were injected i.v. into rats 10 h after unilateral decidualization was induced by injection of sesame oil into the lumen of one uterine horn.(More)