Graeme F. Wilkinson

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Under physiological circumstances, cellular responses often reflect integration of signaling by two or more different receptors activated coincidentally or sequentially. In addition to heterologous desensitization, there are examples in which receptor activation either reveals or potentiates signaling by a different receptor type, although this is perhaps(More)
Alteration in [Ca(2+)](i) (the intracellular concentration of Ca(2+)) is a key regulator of many cellular processes. To allow precise regulation of [Ca(2+)](i) and a diversity of signalling by this ion, cells possess many mechanisms by which they are able to control [Ca(2+)](i) both globally and at the subcellular level. Among these are many members of the(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) mediates antidiabetogenic effects through the GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R), which is targeted for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Small-molecule GLP-1R agonists have been sought due to difficulties with peptide therapeutics. Recently, 6,7-dichloro-2-methylsulfonyl-3-N-tert-butylaminoquinoxaline (compound 2) has been described as(More)
The C-terminal regions of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) bind to the N terminus of the GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R), facilitating interaction of the ligand N terminus with the receptor transmembrane domain. In contrast, the agonist exendin-4 relies less on the transmembrane domain, and truncated antagonist analogs (e.g. exendin 9-39) may interact solely with(More)
Nucleotides such as ATP and ADP act as intercellular messengers and exert a widespread influence on cellular function by acting on a variety of cell surface receptors. Until recently, progress has been restrained, in part, by a lack of cloned receptors. Now, however, the successful cloning of a variety of P2 purinoceptors is holding out the prospect of(More)
1. Human embryonic kidney (HEK)-293 cells expressing recombinant G alpha(i)-coupled, human CXC chemokine receptor 2 (CXCR2) were used to study the elevation of the intracellular [Ca(2+)] ([Ca(2+)](i)) in response to interleukin-8 (IL-8) following pre-stimulation of endogenously expressed P2Y1 or P2Y2 nucleotide receptors. 2. Pre-stimulation of cells with(More)
We have shown previously that activation of endogenously expressed, G q/11-coupled P2Y2 nucleotide receptors with UTP reveals an intracellular Ca response to activation of recombinant, G i-coupled CXC chemokine receptor 2 (CXCR2) in human embryonic kidney cells. Here, we characterize further this cross talk and demonstrate that phospholipase C (PLC) and(More)
1. We have functionally characterized the human recombinant somatostatin (SRIF) sst5 receptor in Chinese hamster ovary-K1 (CHOsst5) cells by measuring total [3H]-inositol phosphate ([3H]-InsPx) accumulation, in the presence of 10 mM LiCl, in cells labelled with [3H]-myo-inositol. 2. In CHOsst5 cells, SRIF, SRIF-28 and the cyclic hexapeptide, L-362,855,(More)
We have investigated the effects of somatostatin (SRIF) and the linear octapeptide BIM-23056 on changes in intracellular calcium ion concentration ([Ca2+]i) and on the formation of inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins(1,4,5)P3) in CHO-K1 cells transfected with the human recombinant SRIF sst5 receptor. SRIF elicited concentration-dependent increases in [Ca2+]i,(More)
Interactions between pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC)-derived peptides, agouti-related protein (AGRP) and the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4-R) are central to energy homeostasis. In this study we have undertaken comprehensive pharmacological analysis of these interactions using a CHOK1 cell line stably transfected with human MC4-R. Our main objectives were (1) to(More)