Learn More
To assess the relationship between the decreased bone mass observed in young insulin-requiring diabetic patients and vitamin D metabolism, we measured serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D concentration in 45 white, insulin-dependent diabetic subjects, 7-18 yr of age. Metacarpal cortical thickness in 87% of these(More)
Alterations in vitamin D metabolism are generally thought to account for the hypocalcemia and osteopenia caused by long term treatment with anticonvulsant drugs. Regional variation in the incidence and severity of anticonvulsant drug-induced bone disease has been attributed to differences in sunlight exposure, with most reports coming from areas with(More)
INTRODUCTION Clinical/microbiological studies have consistently revealed the persistence of some bacteria after conventional root canal debridement. Although this was originally attributed to the complexity of the root canal anatomy and the difficulty of delivering antibacterial agents effectively, it has emerged that the biofilm encasement of bacterial(More)
Serum bone Gla protein (BGP) was measured by radioimmunoassay in 166 healthy men and women aged 30-90 years. Serum BGP levels increased with age in both sexes and were higher in women than in men at all ages. The most striking rise occurred in women after age 40-49. BGP was significantly correlated positively with serum alkaline phosphatase and negatively(More)
The ultrastructure of hairless mouse skin exposed to UVB radiation and followed by retinoic acid treatment was studied to identify alterations induced in both epidermis and dermis. Female mice were irradiated 3 times weekly for 5-6 months; a group of these mice was then treated topically 3 times weekly for 10 weeks with either 25 micrograms(More)
The dose response and pharmacokinetics of orally administered calcitriol were investigated in normal humans. In one protocol, six volunteers received calcitriol 0.25 micrograms twice a day, 0.5 micrograms daily, and 0.5 micrograms twice a day, in successive weeks. Peak plasma levels of 1,25(OH)2D occurred 4 to 8 hours after ingestion of a single dose of 0.5(More)
The photoprotective effect of topically applied alpha-tocopheryl acetate (vitamin E acetate), a stable derivative of alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E), and its possible bioconversion to the active antioxidant species (alpha-tocopherol) was examined in skin tissue of female hairless mice (HRS/J) exposed to UV-B irradiation. Our results indicate that topically(More)
The hypercalciuria that occurs when 1,25 (OH)2D3 (calcitriol) is given to humans with normal renal function depends on dietary Ca absorption and may also relate, in part, to enhanced bone resorption. To evaluate the relationship between urinary and dietary Ca during treatment with calcitriol, 12 metabolic balance studies were performed in normal volunteers(More)
In this study the hypothesis that calcium supplementation during pregnancy can modify blood pressure patterns in a population of normal pregnant women was tested. Thirty-six women with normal single pregnancies, between 20 and 35 years of age, in the second trimester of gestation (15 weeks), were randomly assigned to receive 1 gm of calcium per day (n =(More)