Graeme D M Bell

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We have been investigating analysis of knee joint vibration or vibroarthrographic (VAG) signals as a potential tool for noninvasive diagnosis and monitoring of cartilage pathology. In this paper, we present a comprehensive comparative study of different parametric representations of VAG signals. Dominant poles and cepstral coefficients were derived from(More)
Vibromyographic (VMG) signals, which are low-frequency vibration signals generated during muscle contraction, were studied in comparison with electromyographic (EMG) signals recorded simultaneously during isometric contraction of the human quadriceps muscles. The comparison was accomplished by evaluating the averaged root mean squared (rms) value, mean(More)
Interpretation of vibrations or sound signals emitted from the patellofemoral joint during movement of the knee, also known as vibroarthrography (VAG), could lead to a safe, objective, and non-invasive clinical tool for early detection, localisation, and quantification of articular cartilage disorders. In this study with a reasonably large database of VAG(More)
This paper proposes a noninvasive method to diagnose chondromalacia patella at its early stages by recording knee vibration signals (also known as vibroarthrographic or VAG signals) over the mid-patella during normal movement. An adaptive segmentation method was developed to segment the nonstationary VAG signals. The least squares modeling method was used(More)
The relationship between vibromyographic (VMG) and electromyographic (EMG) signals during isometric contraction of the human rectus femoris muscles was studied. The method of least squares was used to obtain the best-fitting linear regression model to the root mean squared (RMS) values of the VMG and the EMG. It is shown that for the rectus femoris of four(More)
Sounds generated due to rubbing of knee-joint surfaces may lead to a potential tool for noninvasive assessment of articular cartilage degeneration. In the work reported in the present paper, an attempt is made to perform computer-assisted auscultation of knee joints by auditory display (AD) of vibration signals (also known as vibroarthrographic or VAG(More)
This paper proposes non-invasive techniques to localize sound or vibroarthrographic (VAG) signal sources in human knee joints. VAG signals from normal subjects, patients who subsequently underwent arthroscopy, and cadavers with arthroscopically-created lesions, obtained by stimulation with a finger tap over the mid-patella and swinging movement of the leg,(More)
A novel system is described which images in three dimensions, the total configuration of a colonoscope without the use of conventional radiological techniques. A low intensity magnetic field is used in conjunction with a miniature inductive sensor. The system intrinsically safe and it is potentially inexpensive and capable of being used in a normal hospital(More)