Graeme D. Coles

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BACKGROUND Soluble-fiber beta-glucan derived from oats can reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk through reductions in total and LDL cholesterol. Barley-derived beta-glucan may also improve serum cholesterol, but large quantities are required for clinical significance. OBJECTIVE This trial investigated whether a beta-glucan-enriched form of barley can(More)
Generally, dietary fibre (DF) includes lignin, non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) and resistant starch (RS). In monogastric species, low levels of dietary fibre in the diet are associated with various diseases and high levels reduce nutrient digestibilities. In this study, the effects of different types and levels of NSP (soluble: β-glucan, insoluble(More)
A precise and efficient protocol using computer image analysis for quantifying the area of explants that show stable expression of the GUS reporter gene is described. This protocol offers the advantages of quantifying results of the histochemical GUS assay thereby allowing statistical analysis of results, while still retaining information on tissue or(More)
Image analysis gave better precision than colorimetry in measuring the darkening caused by excess free sugar during crisping of potatoes. The image analyser was used to measure individual crisp Average Optical Density (AOD) values in order to examine the variability of AOD within and between tubers. It is unnecessary to measure more than one crisp per tuber(More)
Hairy roots, incited byAgrobacterium rhizogenes, form a useful system for analysing the expression and phenotypic effects of foreign genes in plant root tissue. Image analysis offers a non-invasive method of describing their growth in culture. Images of pea (coarse) andBrassica (fine) hairy roots were captured, processed and analysed without difficulty(More)
Human food security requires the production of sufficient quantities of both high-quality protein and dietary energy. In a series of case-studies from New Zealand, we show that while production of food ingredients from crops on arable land can meet human dietary energy requirements effectively, requirements for high-quality protein are met more efficiently(More)
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