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Governing through Markets: Forest Certification and the Emergence of Non-State Authority
In recent years a startling policy innovation has emerged within global and domestic environmental governance: certification systems that promote socially responsible business practices by turning toExpand
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Certification Schemes and the Impacts on Forests and Forestry
Certification schemes have emerged in recent years to become a significant and innovative venue for standard setting and governance in the environmental realm. This review examines these schemes inExpand
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Overcoming the tragedy of super wicked problems: constraining our future selves to ameliorate global climate change
We characterize climate change as a super wicked problem comprising four key features: time is running out; those who cause the problem also seek to provide a solution; the central authority needed to address it is weak or non-existent; and, partly as a result, policy responses discount the future irrationally. Expand
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Constructing Private Governance: The Rise and Evolution of Forest, Coffee, and Fisheries Certification
Consumers now encounter organic or fair-trade labels on a variety of products, implying such desirable benefits as improved environmental conditions or more equitable market transactions. But what doExpand
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The New Corporate Social Responsibility
The last half decade has witnessed a remarkable resurgence of attention among practitioners and scholars to understanding the ability of corporate social responsibility (CSR) to address environmentalExpand
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Transparency in Nonstate Certification: Consequences for Accountability and Legitimacy
Nonstate certification programs have formed in the past 20 years to address social and environmental problems associated with production practices in several economic sectors. These programs embodyExpand
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Private or self-regulation? A comparative study of forest certification choices in Canada, the United States and Germany
Forest certification is perhaps the best example of a voluntary governance structure for addressing environmental spillovers. Competing forest certification schemes have evolved. At the global level,Expand
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Revising Theories of Nonstate Market-Driven (NSMD) Governance: Lessons from the Finnish Forest Certification Experience
We assess the ability of Cashore, Auld, and Newsom's theoretical framework on Nonstate Market-Driven (NSMD) governance to explain the emergence of and support for forest certification in Finland. InExpand
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Global land governance: from territory to flow?
This article reviews recent research on contemporary transformations of global land governance. It shows how changes in global governance have facilitated and responded to radical revalorizations ofExpand
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Forest certification (eco-labeling) programs and their policy-making authority: explaining divergence among North American and European case studies
In recent years, transnational and domestic non-governmental organizations have created private standard setting bodies whose purpose is to recognize officially companies and landowners practicingExpand
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