Grady W Chism

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We have purified cassava (Manihot esculenta) linamarase to apparent homogeneity using a simplified extraction procedure using low pH phosphate buffer. Three isozymes of cassava linamarase were identified in leaves based on differences in isoelectric point. The enzyme is capable of hydrolyzing a number of beta-glycosides in addition to linamarin. The enzyme(More)
Food-grade additives were used to enhance the efficacy of high-pressure processing (HPP) against barotolerant Listeria monocytogenes. Three strains of L. monocytogenes (Scott A, OSY-8578, and OSY-328) were compared for their sensitivity to HPP, nisin, tert-butylhydroquinone (TBHQ), and their combination. Inactivation of these strains was evaluated in 0.2 M(More)
A course-based undergraduate research experience (CURE) spanning three semesters was introduced into freshman and sophomore biology classes, with the hypothesis that participation in a CURE affects skills in research, communication, and collaboration, which may help students persist in science. Student research projects were centered on the hypothesis that(More)
An abscisic acid derivative was formed by reaction with pentafluorobenzyl bromide which allowed highly sensitive detection by gas-liquid chromatography with electron capture detection. In comparison to the methyl ester derivative, the pentafluorobenzyl derivative of abscisic acid was four times more sensitive to electron capture detection and was stable at(More)
The objectives of this study were to investigate the variability among Listeria monocytogenes strains in response to high-pressure processing, identify the most resistant strain as a potential target of pressure processing, and compare the inactivation kinetics of pressure-resistant and pressure-sensitive strains under a wide range (350 to 800 MPa) of(More)
Kinetic parameters for cytokinin nucleosidase activity which catalyzes the deribosylation of N(6)(Delta(2)-isopentenyl)adenosine (I(6)Ado) to produce the more "active" free base N(5)(Delta(2)-isopenetyl)adenine (I(6)Ade) were compared for a normally ripening tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) cultivar Rutgers, and two mutant tomato varieties (Nor and Rin).(More)
The stability and rheology of acidified model oil-in-water emulsions (pH 3.6 +/- 0.1) were evaluated before and after high-pressure treatments. Varying concentrations of canola oil (0-50% w/w), whey protein isolate, polysorbate 60, soy lecithin (0.1-1.5% w/w each), and xanthan (0.0-0.2% w/w) were chosen. Exposure to high pressures (up to 800 MPa for 5 min(More)
Cytokinin, [8-14C]Benzylaminopurine, metabolism in tomato pericarp was followed during a 3 h period utilizing thin layer chromatography and visualization by fluorography. Fluorography indicated the formation of at least 7 metabolites during 3 h. Cytokinin metabolism was reduced by approximately 40% in 3 h by the presence of 250 microM metyrapone, an(More)
Prenatal ethanol exposure causes the most frequent preventable birth disorder, fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). The effect of turmeric extracts in rescuing an ethanol-induced developmental defect using zebrafish as a model was determined. Ethanol-induced oxidative stress is one of the major mechanisms underlying FASD. We hypothesize that antioxidant(More)
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