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N-Methyl-, N-ethyl-, N-propyl-, N-butyl-, N,N-dimethyl- and N,N'-dimethylputrescines were assayed as inhibitors of ornithine decarboxylase (EC from rat liver and from Escherichia coli. They were found to be poor inhibitors, with the exception of N-propylputrescine and N,N-dimethylputrescine, which were inhibitory at 25 mM. A homologous series of(More)
Human heme oxygenase-1 (hHO-1) catalyzes the O2-dependent oxidation of heme to biliverdin, CO, and free iron. Previous work indicated that electrophilic addition of the terminal oxygen of the ferric hydroperoxo complex to the alpha-meso-carbon gives 5-hydroxyheme. Earlier efforts to block this reaction with a 5-methyl substituent failed, as the reaction(More)
1,4-Dimethylputrescine (2,5-hexanediamine) was separated into its racemic and meso isomers by fractional crystallization of its dibenzoyl derivative. The racemic form was resolved into its (+)- and (-)-isomers with (+)- and (-)-dibenzoyltartaric acids. None of the three isomers (meso, +, and -) inhibited ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity in vitro,(More)
Research and development of new drugs effective in the treatment of Trypanosoma cruzi infections are a real need for the 16 million people infected in the Americas. In a previous work, a quinoline derivative substituted by a 2-piperidylmethyl moiety showed to be active against Chagas disease and was considered a lead compound for further optimization. A(More)
A large number of synthetic iron porphyrins were enzymatically oxidized by a microsomal heme oxygenase preparation from rat liver. They all had in common two vicinal propionic acid residues at C6 and C7. Iron porphyrins of type I were not substrates of the enzyme. Iron porphyrins that carried electron-withdrawing substituents (acyl residues) at C2 and C4(More)
Human heme oxygenase-1 (hHO-1) catalyzes the O2- and NADPH-dependent oxidation of heme to biliverdin, CO, and free iron. The first step involves regiospecific insertion of an oxygen atom at the alpha-meso carbon by a ferric hydroperoxide and is predicted to proceed via an isoporphyrin pi-cation intermediate. Here we report spectroscopic detection of a(More)
Polyamines (putrescine, spermidine and spermine) increase in proliferating tissues and are essential for cellular growth and cell division processes. We had previously shown that alkyl substituted putrescines can inhibit cell proliferation. We now tested the effects of the (N(alpha),N(omega)-dibenzyl derivatives of the simple diamines putrescine, cadaverine(More)
The gem-diol moieties of organic compounds are rarely isolated or even studied in the solid state. Here, liquid- and solid-state NMR, together with single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies, were used to show different strategies to favor the gem-diol or carbonyl moieties and to isolate hemiacetal structures in formylpyridine and vitamin-B6-related(More)
NMR spectroscopy was used to characterize the binding properties of polyamines to Escherichia coli tRNA. The (15)N NMR spectra of three (15)N-enriched N-substituted putrescine derivatives (DMP, DEP and DBP) were recorded in the presence of tRNA, and the spin relaxation times of the nitrogen nuclei were measured. From these data, the activation parameters(More)
The inhibitory effect of a series of 2-alkylputrescines on rat liver and Escherichia coli ornithine decarboxylase (L-ornithine carboxy-lyase, EC was examined. At 2.5 mM concentrations, 2-methyl-, 2-propyl-, 2-butyl-, 2-pentyl- and 2-hexylputrescines were stronger inhibitors of the mammalian enzyme than putrescine. Only the higher homologues (from(More)