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Although most vitamins are present in a variety of foods, human vitamin deficiencies still occur in many countries, mainly because of malnutrition not only as a result of insufficient food intake but also because of unbalanced diets. Even though most lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are auxotrophic for several vitamins, it is now known that certain strains have(More)
Food-related lactic acid bacteria (LAB) as well as human gut commensals such as bifidobacteria can de novo synthesize and supply vitamins. This is important since humans lack the biosynthetic capacity for most vitamins and these must thus be provided exogenously. Although vitamins are present in a variety of foods, deficiencies still occur, mainly due to(More)
The nutritional requirements of Lactobacillus helveticus CRL 1062 were determined with a simplified chemically defined medium (SCDM) and compared with those of L. helveticus CRL 974 (ATCC 15009). Both strains were found to be prototrophic for alanine, glycine, asparagine, glutamine, and cysteine. In addition, CRL 1062 also showed prototrophy for lysine and(More)
Sixteen cultures of lactic acid bacteria were freeze-dried in 10% nonfat skim milk plus 0.75 M adonitol and rehydrated by using different rehydration media. Marked variations in their capacity to repair cellular damage after freeze-drying were observed among the species and strains under consideration.
The technological relevant characteristics of five homofermentative lactobacilli strains, isolated from natural fermented hard cheeses, were studied. Isolates CRL 581 and CRL 654, from Argentinian artesanal hard cheeses, and isolates CRL 1177, CRL 1178, and CRL 1179, from Italian Grana cheeses, were identified as Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis and(More)
This study was undertaken to determine the nutritional requirements of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis and to develop a minimal chemically defined medium that supports sustained growth of these microorganisms. The single-omission technique was applied to each component of complete chemically defined medium in order to determine the nutritional(More)
AIMS The objective of this work was to study the influence of the sugar source on exopolysaccharide (EPS) production and the activities of the enzymes involved in the synthesis of sugar nucleotides in Lactobacillus casei CRL 87. The relationship between these enzymes and EPS formation was determined. METHODS AND RESULTS The concentration of EPS was(More)
Alpha-galactosides are abundant sugars in legumes such as soy. Because of the lack of alpha-galactosidase (alpha-Gal) in the digestive tract, humans are unable to digest these sugars, which consequently induce flatulence. To develop the consumption of the otherwise highly nutritional soy products, the use of exogenous alpha-Gal is promising. In this(More)
The effect of various substances on the relationship between residual moisture content and the viability of freeze-dried lactic acid bacteria has been studied. Compounds such as polymers, which display considerable ability in displacing water, showed no protective action during freeze-drying. Adonitol, on the other hand, produced the smallest change in(More)
The proteolytic system of thermophilic lactobacilli is considered important for bacterial nutrition as well as for the formation of flavor and texture in fermented products. We investigated the influence of peptide content on the cell surface proteinase and intracellular aminopeptidase activities from seven thermophilic lactobacilli strains. The proteinase(More)