Graciela L Salerno

Learn More
Biosynthesis of sucrose-6-P catalyzed by sucrose-phosphate synthase (SPS), and the presence of sucrose-phosphate phosphatase (SPP) leading to the formation of sucrose, have both been ascertained in a prokaryotic organism: Anabaena 7119, a filamentous heterocystic cyanobacterium. Two SPS activities (SPS-I and SPS-II) were isolated by ion-exchange(More)
Since the discovery of sucrose biosynthesis, considerable advances have been made in understanding its regulation and crucial role in the functional biology of plants. However, important aspects of this metabolism are still an enigma. Studies in cyanobacteria and the publication of the sequences of several complete genomes have recently significantly(More)
The aim of this work was to investigate the occurrence of invertase (Inv) in cyanobacteria. We describe the first isolation and characterization of prokaryotic alkaline/neutral Inv (A/N-Inv) genes. Two genes (invA and invB) were identified in Anabaena sp. PCC 7120, which share about 50–56% identity with plant A/N-Inv and encode proteins of about 53–55 kDa.(More)
The presence of sucrose (Suc) in plastids was questioned for several decades. Although it was reported some decades ago, neither Suc transporters nor Suc metabolizing enzymes were demonstrated to be active in those organelles. By biochemical, immunological, molecular and genetic approaches we show that alkaline/neutral invertases (A/N-Invs) are also(More)
Nitrogen (N) available to plants mostly originates from N(2) fixation carried out by prokaryotes. Certain cyanobacterial species contribute to this energetically expensive process related to carbon (C) metabolism. Several filamentous strains differentiate heterocysts, specialized N(2)-fixing cells. To understand how C and N metabolism are regulated in(More)
Sucrose synthase (SuS) expression was studied in the filamentous, nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. PCC 7119. SuS activity, SusA polypeptide, and susA mRNA levels were lower in cells cultured diazotrophically than in the presence of combined nitrogen. An insertional susA mutant presented a dramatic increase in sucrose levels, whereas the(More)
It is well accepted that sucrose (Suc) metabolism is involved in responses to environmental stresses in many plant species. In the present study we showed that alkaline invertase (A-Inv) expression is up-regulated in wheat leaves after an osmotic stress or a low-temperature treatment. We demonstrated that the increase of total alkaline/neutral Inv activity(More)
Based on the functional characterization of sucrose biosynthesis related protiens[SBP: sucrose-phosphate synthase (SPS), sucrose-phosphate phosphatase (SPP), and sucrose synthase (SuS)] in Anabaena sp. PCC7120 and sequence analysis, we have shown that SBP are restricted to cyanobacterium species and plants, and that they are multidomain proteins with(More)
Isolates of Magnaporthe grisea causing gray leaf spot on rice were collected in Argentina and analyzed for mating distribution and fertility. One hundred and twenty-five isolates of M. grisea were collected from rice plants between 2000 and 2003. Each isolate was tested for mating type through a polymerase chain reaction based assay. All M. grisea isolates(More)
The first identification and characterization of a prokaryotic gene (spsA) encoding sucrose-phosphate synthase (SPS) is reported for Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803, a unicellular non-nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium. Comparisons of the deduced amino acid sequence and some relevant biochemical properties of the enzyme with those of plant SPSs revealed(More)