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Proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contributes to intimal thickening during atherosclerosis and restenosis. The cadherins are transmembrane proteins, which form cell-cell contacts and may regulate VSMC proliferation. In this study, N-cadherin protein concentration was significantly reduced by stimulation of proliferation with fetal calf(More)
Cyclic AMP signalling promotes VSMC quiescence in healthy vessels and during vascular healing following injury. Cyclic AMP inhibits VSMC proliferation via mechanisms that are not fully understood. We investigated the role of PKA and Epac signalling on cAMP-induced inhibition of VSMC proliferation. cAMP-mediated growth arrest was PKA-dependent. However,(More)
Diabetes impairs endothelial function and reparative neovascularization. The p75 receptor of neurotrophins (p75(NTR)), which is scarcely present in healthy endothelial cells (ECs), becomes strongly expressed by capillary ECs after induction of peripheral ischemia in type-1 diabetic mice. Here, we show that gene transfer-induced p75(NTR) expression impairs(More)
Remodelling of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and cell surface by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is an important function of monocytes and macrophages. Recent work has emphasised the diverse roles of classically and alternatively activated macrophages but the consequent regulation of MMPs and their inhibitors has not been studied comprehensively.(More)
OBJECTIVE An excess of metalloproteinases (MMPs) over tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) may favor atherosclerotic plaque rupture. We compared TIMP levels in nonfoamy and foam-cell macrophages (FCM) generated in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS In vivo generated rabbit FCM exhibited 84% reduced TIMP-3 protein compared to nonfoamy macrophages, and(More)
OBJECTIVE Conversion of macrophages to foam cells is a critical step in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. We sought to identify genes differentially regulated in foam cells, since these are likely to include new targets for intervention. METHODS AND RESULTS We used suppression subtraction hybridization to compare foam cells and nonfoamy(More)
BACKGROUND Bisphosphonates, including zoledronate, target osteoclasts and are widely used in the treatment of osteoporosis and other bone resorption diseases, despite side effects that include damaging the stomach epithelium. Beneficial and adverse effects on other organ systems, including the cardiovascular system, have also been described and could impact(More)
Myocardial infarction (MI) is the leading cause of death worldwide. MicroRNAs regulate the expression of their target genes, thus mediating a plethora of pathophysiological functions. Recently, miRNA-24 emerged as an important but controversial miRNA involved in post-MI responses. Here, we aimed at clarifying the effect of adenovirus-mediate(More)
Cyclic nucleotides inhibit vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation but the underlying molecular mechanisms are incompletely understood. We studied the role of S-phase kinase-associated protein-2 (Skp2), an F-box protein of SCFSkp2 ubiquitin ligase responsible for polyubiquitylation of and subsequent proteolysis of p27Kip1, a key step leading to(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase-14 (MMP-14) promotes vulnerable plaque morphology in mice, whereas tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-3 (TIMP-3) overexpression is protective. MMP-14(hi) TIMP-3(lo) rabbit foam cells are more invasive and more prone to apoptosis than MMP-14(lo) TIMP-3(hi) cells. We investigated the implications of these findings for human(More)