Graciela B. Sala-Newby

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Remodelling of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and cell surface by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is an important function of monocytes and macrophages. Recent work has emphasised the diverse roles of classically and alternatively activated macrophages but the consequent regulation of MMPs and their inhibitors has not been studied comprehensively.(More)
Cyclic AMP signalling promotes VSMC quiescence in healthy vessels and during vascular healing following injury. Cyclic AMP inhibits VSMC proliferation via mechanisms that are not fully understood. We investigated the role of PKA and Epac signalling on cAMP-induced inhibition of VSMC proliferation. cAMP-mediated growth arrest was PKA-dependent. However,(More)
BACKGROUND Bisphosphonates, including zoledronate, target osteoclasts and are widely used in the treatment of osteoporosis and other bone resorption diseases, despite side effects that include damaging the stomach epithelium. Beneficial and adverse effects on other organ systems, including the cardiovascular system, have also been described and could impact(More)
Myocardial infarction (MI) is the leading cause of death worldwide. MicroRNAs regulate the expression of their target genes, thus mediating a plethora of pathophysiological functions. Recently, miRNA-24 emerged as an important but controversial miRNA involved in post-MI responses. Here, we aimed at clarifying the effect of adenovirus-mediate(More)
OBJECTIVE Conversion of macrophages to foam cells is a critical step in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. We sought to identify genes differentially regulated in foam cells, since these are likely to include new targets for intervention. METHODS AND RESULTS We used suppression subtraction hybridization to compare foam cells and nonfoamy(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase-14 (MMP-14) promotes vulnerable plaque morphology in mice, whereas tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-3 (TIMP-3) overexpression is protective. MMP-14(hi) TIMP-3(lo) rabbit foam cells are more invasive and more prone to apoptosis than MMP-14(lo) TIMP-3(hi) cells. We investigated the implications of these findings for human(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) production from monocyte/macrophages is implicated in matrix remodelling and modulation of inflammation. However, knowledge of the patterns and mechanisms of gene regulation of MMPs and their endogenous tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) is fragmentary. MMP up-regulation may be a target for cyclooxygenase (COX)(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinase-12 (MMP-12) promotes atherosclerosis in animal models. MMP-12 is expressed in only a subset of foam-cell macrophages (FCMs) in human plaques. We investigated whether the prevalence of this MMP-12-expressing subpopulation is a prognostic indicator of adverse outcome in patients after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation plays an important role in the development of postangioplasty or in-stent restenosis, venous graft failure, and atherosclerosis. Our previous work has demonstrated S-phase kinase-associated protein-2 (Skp2), an F-box subunit of SCF(Skp2) ubiquitin ligase, as an important mediator and common final(More)
AIMS The oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor LOX-1 is up-regulated on activated endothelial cells, for example, the endothelium of atherosclerosis-prone sites, in both human and animal models. We examined whether endothelial LOX-1 overexpression may contribute to atherogenesis. METHODS Adenoviral vectors expressing LOX-1 or LOXIN (a splice variant(More)