Grace Y. Zhang

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Human fetal development depends on the embryo rapidly gaining access to the maternal circulation. The trophoblast cells that form the fetal portion of the human placenta have solved this problem by transiently exhibiting certain tumor-like properties. Thus, during early pregnancy fetal cytotrophoblast cells invade the uterus and its arterial network. This(More)
We investigated how transient cerebral ischemia affects the gene expression, immunoreactive protein levels, and the function of the A1 subtype of adenosine receptor in the rat hippocampus at different times following reperfusion. A1 receptor mRNA levels were altered significantly in different hippocampal subfields as early as 6 h following insult. However,(More)
Previous imaging studies have shown that cerebral metabolism is gradually reduced at the beginning of sleep. Few studies have examined the sleep state transition periods from wakefulness to sleep and sleep to wakefulness. The current study used the Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) technique to describe the intracerebral hemodynamics at the frontal pole in(More)
AIMS A number of studies have suggested that nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in the reactive phosphorylation of p38MAPKα (p38). However, whether S-nitrosylation of p38 is activated by NO and the details remain unclear. The aim of the present work was to assess the activation of p38, the S-nitrosylation site and the p38 signalling pathway in rat(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) belong to a subclass of nuclear hormone receptor that executes important cellular transcriptional functions. Previous studies have demonstrated the expression of PPARgamma in several tumours including colon, breast, bladder, prostate, lung and stomach. This study demonstrates the relative expression of(More)
We have examined how transient cerebral ischemia affects the mRNA expression of a family of methyl CpG-binding domain (MBD)-containing factors in the rat hippocampus. Our results show that each member of this family is affected by cerebral ischemia challenge, but with differing patterns of responsiveness. At 3, 6 and 12 h following reperfusion, MeCP2 and(More)
AIM To study the mechanisms of the regulation of the tyrosine phosphorylation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunit 2B(NR2B) in the gerbil hippocampal synaptosomes following ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). METHODS Transient (15 min) cerebral ischemia was produced by bilateral carotid artery occlusion procedure. The tyrosine phosphorylation of NR2B(More)
This paper formulates an edge-based smoothed point interpolation method (ES-PIM) for solid mechanics using three-node triangular meshes. In the ES-PIM, displacement fields are construed using the point interpolation method (polynomial PIM or radial PIM), and hence the shape functions possess the Kronecker delta property, facilitates the enforcement of(More)
We have investigated the gene expression responses of a family of methyl CpG-binding domain-containing factors (MeCP2, MBD1, MBD2, and MBD3) in the hippocampus of electrically kindled rats. Expression was examined in both amygdala- and partial perforant-pathway-kindled subjects, 24 h and 28 days following the final stimulation. In general, the responses of(More)
Significant enhancement in the light output from GaN-based green light-emitting diodes (LEDs) was achieved with a hemicylindrical grating structure on the top layer of the diodes. The grating structure was first optimized by the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method, which showed that the profile of the grating structure was critical for light(More)