Grace Y. Wang

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Methadone has been used as a pharmacotherapy for the treatment of opiate dependence since the mid-1960s. Many studies examining the benefits of methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) for opiate dependence have documented a significant reduction in both criminal behavior and the use of other opiates. Nevertheless, emerging evidence suggests that MMT may(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the electrophysiological activity associated with methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). METHODS The resting EEG spectrum of beta (14.5-30 Hz), alpha (8-13 Hz), theta (4-7.5 Hz) and delta (1.5-3.5 Hz) rhythm were measured in 32 patients undertaking chronic MMT, 17 opiate users and 25 healthy volunteers. Differences in the(More)
Piperazine-based designer drugs such as benzylpiperazine (BZP) and trifluoromethylphenylpiperazine (TFMPP) have been marketed and sold as legal alternatives to dexamphetamine and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) until 2008 in New Zealand. When administered in combination, BZP + TFMPP have been reported to produce drug-drug synergism in rodents by(More)
Dysregulated hedgehog (HH) signaling has been found in numerous cancers, suggesting that therapeutic targeting of this pathway may be useful versus a wide range of cancers. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is an excellent model system for studying the influence of the HH pathway on carcinogenesis because aberrant activation of HH signaling is crucial not only for(More)
The paper describes a new type of evolving connectionist systems (ECOS) called evolving spatio-temporal data machines based on neuromorphic, brain-like information processing principles (eSTDM). These are multi-modular computer systems designed to deal with large and fast spatio/spectro temporal data using spiking neural networks (SNN) as major processing(More)
The cyclic production and secretion of melatonin has been associated with the sleep/wake cycle as well as other circadian rhythms. Since arylalkylamine-N-acetyl-transferase (AA-NAT) is the rate-limiting enzyme responsible for the production of melatonin, it has been postulated to determine the circadian oscillations of melatonin. Genetic variability of the(More)
This paper introduces a method utilizing spiking neural networks (SNN) for learning, classification, and comparative analysis of brain data. As a case study, the method was applied to electroencephalography (EEG) data collected during a GO/NOGO cognitive task performed by untreated opiate addicts, those undergoing methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) for(More)
The paper presents a methodology for the analysis of functional changes in brain activity across different conditions and different groups of subjects. This analysis is based on the recently proposed NeuCube spiking neural network (SNN) framework and more specifically on the analysis of the connectivity of a NeuCube model trained with electroencephalography(More)
‘Piperazine-containing party pills’ were marketed and sold as legal alternatives to methamphetamine and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) until 2008 in New Zealand. The major constituents of these ‘pills’ were benzylphenylpiperazine (BZP) and trifluoromethylphenylpiperazine (TFMPP). Despite their popularity, there is a paucity of knowledge about(More)
Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has been used as a treatment for opiate dependence since the mid-1960s. Evidence suggests that methadone binds to mu opiate receptors as do other opiates and induces changes in neurophysiological function. However, little is known, about how neural activity within the higher frequency gamma band (>30 Hz) while at rest(More)