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Regulation of smooth muscle contractility is essential for many important biological processes such as tissue perfusion, cardiovascular haemostasis and gastrointestinal motility. While an increase in calcium initiates smooth muscle contraction, relaxation can be induced by cGMP or cAMP. cGMP-dependent protein kinase I (cGKI) has been suggested as a major(More)
Calcium release from the endoplasmic reticulum controls a number of cellular processes, including proliferation and contraction of smooth muscle and other cells. Calcium release from inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-sensitive stores is negatively regulated by binding of calmodulin to the IP3 receptor (IP3R) and the NO/cGMP/cGMP kinase I (cGKI) signalling(More)
BACKGROUND Testing has been advocated for all persons with newly diagnosed colorectal cancer to identify families with the Lynch syndrome, an autosomal dominant cancer-predisposition syndrome that is a paradigm for personalized medicine. OBJECTIVE To estimate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of strategies to identify the Lynch syndrome, with(More)
A case-control study was performed on 83 cases of primary pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma and 180 cases of primary pulmonary adenocarcinoma in Nanjing. Multivariate conditional logistic regression analysis showed five risk factors for pulmonary squamous carcinoma. These were: smoking, indoor air pollution due to cooking fumes, family tumor history, type(More)
To examine the relationship between exposure to passive smoke (herein referred to as environmental tobacco smoke, ETS), cooking fumes, other risk factors and primary adenocarcinoma of the lung, 70 adenocarcinoma lung cancer cases of non-smoking women in Nanjing were studied in a 1:1 case-control study. Results show no statistical association between(More)
The cardiotoxicity of the anticancer drug doxorubicin may be related to its main metabolite doxorubicinol. In this study, the acute effects of doxorubicinol on excitation-contraction coupling in isolated guinea pig ventricular myocytes were investigated and compared with doxorubicin using the whole-cell patch-clamp-, fura-2 fluorescence- and cell-edge(More)
cGMP is a key regulatory molecule in visual transduction, integration of neuronal response to excitatory neurotransmitters, relaxation of smooth muscle, intestinal secretion of water and salt, and reabsorption of sodium and water in the distal tubules of the nephron. Some of these cellular functions are associated with the activation of cGMP kinase and a(More)
We demonstrated previously that oxidized 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine (ox-PAPC) and, specifically, the component lipid 1-palmitoyl-2-(5,6-epoxyisoprostane E2)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine increase interleukin-8 (IL-8) synthesis in aortic endothelial cells. The goal of the current studies was to characterize the receptor(More)
The present study used conventional and quantitative microdialysis to assess glutamatergic and GABAergic neurotransmission in the hippocampal CA3 area of the rat following a moderate-dose ethanol treatment regimen. Male Wistar rats received 3.4 g/kg of ethanol or water for 6 days via gastric gavage. Microdialysis experiments commenced 2 days later. Basal(More)
In order to determine the seroprevalence of Toxocara spp. infection in children from Chengdu, we performed an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and sandwich ELISA (S-ELISA) with excretory-secretory antigens isolated from second-stage larvae of Toxocara canis (TES-Ag ELISA). The seroprevalences of T. canis antibodies in the children from rural areas,(More)