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OBJECTIVE To synthesise the association of shift work with major vascular events as reported in the literature. DATA SOURCES Systematic searches of major bibliographic databases, contact with experts in the field, and review of reference lists of primary articles, review papers, and guidelines. STUDY SELECTION Observational studies that reported risk(More)
Carotid atherosclerosis measurements for eight subjects at baseline and 14 +/- 2 days later were examined using 1.5 T and 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A single observer blinded to field strength, subject and timepoint manually segmented carotid artery wall and lumen boundaries in randomized images in five measurement trials. Mean increases in the(More)
PURPOSE Diffusion-weighted (DW) hyperpolarized (129) Xe morphometry magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to map regional differences in lung tissue micro-structure. We aimed to generate absolute xenon concentration ([Xe]) and alveolar oxygen partial pressure (pA O2 ) maps by extracting the unrestricted diffusion coefficient (D0 ) of xenon as a(More)
Three-dimensional ultrasound (3DUS) imaging measurements of carotid atherosclerosis are increasingly being investigated for monitoring the progression and regression of plaque burden in longitudinal studies. In this paper, we review the recent advancements of 3DUS imaging in terms of novel carotid atherosclerosis measurements, image processing techniques,(More)
Atherosclerosis at the carotid bifurcation can result in cerebral emboli, which in turn can block the blood supply to the brain causing ischemic strokes. Noninvasive imaging tools that better characterize arterial wall, and atherosclerotic plaque structure and composition may help to determine the factors which lead to the development of unstable lesions,(More)
BACKGROUND It is still not known how patients who are post-transient ischemic attack (TIA) or post-stroke might benefit from prospectively planned comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation (CCR). In this pilot evaluation of a larger ongoing randomized-controlled-trial, we evaluated ultrasound (US) measurements of carotid atherosclerosis in subjects following TIA(More)
Quantitative measurements of the progression (or regression) of carotid plaque burden are important in monitoring patients and evaluating new treatment options. 3D ultrasound (US) has been used to monitor the progression of carotid artery plaques in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients, and different methods of measuring various ultrasound phenotypes of(More)
BACKGROUND Biomarkers of carotid atherosclerosis range from those that are widely available and relatively simple to measure such as serum cholesterol levels, and B-mode Ultrasound measurement of intima media thickness (IMT) to those that are more complex and technologically demanding but perhaps potentially more sensitive and specific to disease such as(More)
PURPOSE The goal of this work was to investigate lung morphological changes associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) using hyperpolarized (129) Xe diffusion-weighted MRI. METHODS Hyperpolarized (129) Xe MRI was performed at three different nonzero diffusion sensitizations (b-value = 12, 20, and 30 s/cm(2) ) in the lungs of four(More)
In this paper, we described and validated a semi-automated algorithm based on the level set method to segment the media-adventitia boundary (MAB) and lumen-intima boundary (LIB) of the carotid arteries from 3D ultrasound (3DUS) images to support the computation of carotid vessel wall volume (VWV). We incorporated local region-based and edge-based energies(More)