Grace P. McCormack

Learn More
We have tracked the early years of the evolution of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) epidemic in a rural district of central east Africa from the first documented introductions of subtypes A, D, and C to the present predominance of subtype C. The earliest subtype C sequences ever reported are described. Blood samples were collected on filter(More)
Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis was applied to individuals of Amphiura filiformis sampled from two geographic locations that have previously been reported to have different life history strategies. Of thirty-one 10-mer RAPD primers screened initially, four were chosen and used in a comparative analysis of A. filiformis individuals collected(More)
The astigmatid mite Acarus siro (Linnaeus 1758) is an important agricultural pest and environmental allergen. However, it is likely that many mites described in the literature as A. siro, collected from both outdoor and stored product habitats, may belong to one of its sibling species, A. farris [Ent. Ber. Amst. 2 (26) (1905) 20] or A. immobilis [Bull. Br.(More)
Analysis of genetic variation in 16 varicella-zoster virus (VZV) isolates selected at random and circulating in the Irish population between March 2002 and February 2003 was carried out. A 919 bp fragment of the glycoprotein E gene (open reading frame 68) encompassing codon 150, at which a non-synonymous mutation defines the escape mutant VZV-MSP, and(More)
MOTIVATION In recent years there has been increased interest in producing large and accurate phylogenetic trees using statistical approaches. However for a large number of taxa, it is not feasible to construct large and accurate trees using only a single processor. A number of specialized parallel programs have been produced in an attempt to address the(More)
The env gene of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a functionally important gene responsible for the production of protein products (gp120 and gp41) involved in host cell recognition, binding, and entry. This occurs through a complex and, as yet, not fully understood process of protein-protein interaction and within and between protein functional(More)
Hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients frequently develop BK virus (BKV)-associated hemorrhagic cystitis, which coincides with BK viruria. However, the precise role of BKV in the etiology of hemorrhagic cystitis in hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients remains unclear, since approximately 50% of all such adult transplant recipients excrete(More)
BACKGROUND The role of HIV-1 RNA in the emergence of resistance to antiretroviral therapies (ARTs) is well documented while less is known about the role of historical viruses stored in the proviral DNA. The primary focus of this work was to characterize the genetic diversity and evolution of HIV drug resistant variants in an individual's provirus during(More)
Newly emerging molecular phylogenetic hypotheses involving the sponge Order Haplosclerida (Class Demospongiae) are far removed from traditional views on their classification using morphology. In the new grouping of marine haplosclerid taxa by molecular data all members of one highly supported clade were found to have three large indels in the 18S rRNA gene.(More)
DNA sequencing and molecular phylogenetics are increasingly being used in virology laboratories to study the transmission of viruses. By reconstructing the evolutionary history of viral genomes the behaviour of viral populations can be modelled, and the future of epidemics may be forecast. The manner in which such viral DNA sequences are analysed is the(More)