Grace Meina Lee

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Non-small-cell lung cancers (NSCLC) compose 80% of all lung carcinomas with squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) and adenocarcinoma representing the majority of these tumors. Although patients with early-stage NSCLC typically have a better outcome, 35% to 50% will relapse within 5 years after surgical treatment. We have profiled primary squamous cell lung(More)
The guideline is intended for use by healthcare providers who care for adult and pediatric patients with group A streptococcal pharyngitis. The guideline updates the 2002 Infectious Diseases Society of America guideline and discusses diagnosis and management, and recommendations are provided regarding antibiotic choices and dosing. Penicillin or amoxicillin(More)
Oligonucleotide probe arrays have enabled massively parallel analysis of gene expression levels from a single cDNA sample. Application of microarray technology to analyzing genomic DNA has been stymied by the sequence complexity of the entire human genome. A robust, single base–resolution direct genomic assay would extend the reach of microarray technology.(More)
OBJECTIVES The goals were to assess serial changes in Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes and antibiotic resistance in young children and to evaluate whether risk factors for carriage have been altered by heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7). METHODS Nasopharyngeal specimens and questionnaire/medical record data were obtained from children 3(More)
We describe an efficient, accurate and robust whole-genome genotyping (WGG) assay based on a two-color, single-base extension (SBE), single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-scoring step. We report genotyping results for biallelic International HapMap quality control (QC) SNPs using a single probe per locus. We show scalability, throughput and accuracy of the(More)
On June 10, 2005, a tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap) formulated for use in adults and adolescents was licensed in the United States for persons aged 11-64 years (ADACEL, manufactured by sanofi pasteur, Toronto, Ontario, Canada). Prelicensure studies demonstrated safety and efficacy, inferred through(More)
BACKGROUND Prior economic analyses have reached disparate conclusions about whether vaccinating adults against pertussis would be cost effective. Newly available data on pertussis incidence were used to evaluate the cost effectiveness of one-time adult vaccination and adult vaccination with decennial boosters. METHODS A Markov model was used to calculate(More)
The effectiveness of a recently synthesized corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) antagonist, alpha-helical CRF9-41, in reversing the locomotor activating and proconflict effects of CRF was evaluated. The CRF receptor antagonist (50, 100 and 200 micrograms, i.c.v.) produced a dose-related attenuation of the response-suppressing effects of CRF in a conflict(More)
Whole-genome sequencing of 616 asymptomatically carried Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates was used to study the impact of the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. Comparison of closely related isolates showed the role of transformation in facilitating capsule switching to non-vaccine serotypes and the emergence of drug resistance. However, such(More)
Central administration of corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) in rats produces pituitary-adrenal activation and a variety of "anxiogenic-like" effects. The present study was designed to explore the contribution of the peripheral pituitary-adrenocortical axis in mediating these CRF responses. Intraventricularly administered CRF produced suppression of(More)