Grace M. Mitu

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Tubulo-interstitial pathology in diabetic nephropathy is thought to be caused by cell injury that is induced by high ambient glucose levels and increased proportions of glycated proteins. Other mechanistic hypotheses engage glomerular ultrafiltration of proteins and bioactive growth factors and their effects on tubular cells. Some scholars promote tubular(More)
Longstanding diabetes causes renal injury with early dropout of podocytes, albuminuria, glomerular and tubulointerstitial fibrosis, and progressive renal failure. The renal pathology seems to be driven, in part, by TGF-beta and is associated with a loss of renal bone morphogenic protein-7 (BMP-7) expression. Here, the hypothesis that maintenance of renal(More)
In early diabetic renal injury, there is podocyte drop-out (but no decrease in the number of other glomerular cells) which is thought to cause glomerular proteinuria and subsequent diabetic glomerular injury. We tested the hypothesis that early diabetic podocyte injury is caused, in part, by downregulation of bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP7) and loss of(More)
Bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP7) is a member of the BMP-subfamily of perhaps a dozen proteins within the TGFbeta-superfamily of cysteine-knot fold cytokine-growth factors. BMP7 has pivotal functions during renal and eye development. In adult organisms, BMP7 is heavily expressed in kidney, specifically in podocytes, distal tubules and collecting ducts.(More)
In some capillary beds, pericytes regulate endothelial growth. Capillaries with high filtration capacity, such as those in renal glomeruli, lack pericytes. Glomerular endothelium lies adjacent to visceral epithelial cells (podocytes) that are anchored to and cover the anti-luminal surface of the basement membrane. We have tested the hypothesis that(More)
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