Grace Korula

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OBJECTIVE An awake craniotomy facilitates radical excision of eloquent area gliomas and ensures neural integrity during the excision. The study describes our experience with 67 consecutive awake craniotomies for the excision of such tumours. METHODS Sixty-seven patients with gliomas in or adjacent to eloquent areas were included in this study. The patient(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged preoperative fasting in children is a common problem, especially in highvolume centers. All international professional society guidelines for preoperative fasting recommend 2 h for clear fluids, 4 h for breast milk and 6 h for solids, nonhuman and formula milk in children. These guidelines are rarely adhered to in practice. AIMS An(More)
A prospective, randomized double-blind trial was performed to compare the effects of 4% endotracheal tube cuff lignocaine and 1.5 mg/kg intravenous (IV) lignocaine on coughing and hemodynamics during extubation in patients undergoing elective craniotomies in supine position. Forty-one patients received 4% lignocaine into the endotracheal tube cuff after(More)
Rubella, a mild, vaccine-preventable disease, can manifest as congenital rubella syndrome (CRS), a devastating disease of the fetus. To emphasize the inadequacy of the existing rubella vaccination programme in India, we evaluated epidemiological evidence of rubella virus activity with data available from a tertiary-care centre. The proportion of suspected(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative hypertension is a common problem in patients undergoing surgical procedures, and the modification of this response could result in improved surgical outcome. Although it is recognized that the incidence of postoperative hypertension is higher in neurosurgical procedures, mechanisms behind this are not well understood. Oxidative(More)
In this study, we sought a simple, easily implemented method of intraoperative control of blood glucose in diabetic patients in a large multispecialty teaching hospital. The Vellore regimen, which offers the advantages of a combined glucose insulin and variable rate infusion was evaluated. For every 1 to 50-mg/dL increase in blood glucose concentration more(More)
INTRODUCTION Fluid management in neurosurgery presents specific challenges to the anaesthesiologist. Dynamic para-meters like Pulse Pressure Variation (PPV) have been used successfully to guide fluid management. AIM To compare PPV against Central Venous Pressure (CVP) in neurosurgical patients to assess hemodynamic stability and perfusion status. (More)