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OBJECTIVE An awake craniotomy facilitates radical excision of eloquent area gliomas and ensures neural integrity during the excision. The study describes our experience with 67 consecutive awake craniotomies for the excision of such tumours. METHODS Sixty-seven patients with gliomas in or adjacent to eloquent areas were included in this study. The patient(More)
A prospective, randomized double-blind trial was performed to compare the effects of 4% endotracheal tube cuff lignocaine and 1.5 mg/kg intravenous (IV) lignocaine on coughing and hemodynamics during extubation in patients undergoing elective craniotomies in supine position. Forty-one patients received 4% lignocaine into the endotracheal tube cuff after(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged preoperative fasting in children is a common problem, especially in highvolume centers. All international professional society guidelines for preoperative fasting recommend 2 h for clear fluids, 4 h for breast milk and 6 h for solids, nonhuman and formula milk in children. These guidelines are rarely adhered to in practice. AIMS An(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this double-blinded randomized control study was to examine the role of the steroid dexamethasone as an adjuvant to lignocaine and ropivacaine in scalp nerve blocks in adults undergoing supratentorial craniotomy under general anesthesia. We compared the intraoperative anesthetic and postoperative analgesic requirement with and without(More)
BACKGROUND A desirable combination of smooth extubation and an awake patient after neurosurgical procedures is difficult to achieve in patients with skull pins. Lignocaine instilled into endotracheal tube has been reported to suppress cough by a local mucosal anesthetizing effect. We aimed to evaluate if this effect will last till extubation, if given(More)
SUMMARY We report the anaesthetic management of a patient with hypokalemic periodic paralysis who underwent hepaticojejunostomy for stricture of the common bile duct. Patients with this disorder, who are apparently normal, can develop sudden paralysis as they are exposed to many of the predisposing factors, perioperatively. The complications due to this(More)
The authors report a case of cerebellar hemangioma excision in a 13-year-old girl with unsuspected pheochromocytoma. This patient had an uneventful attempt at embolization of her tumor under general anesthesia but manifested hypertensive crisis during the intracranial surgery. The intra- and postoperative course of events and management are described. The(More)
Cardiac ischemia is a well-known and serious complication during surgery. The authors describe a case of acute coronary vasospasm in a young patient undergoing thoracic laminectomy with biopsy of intramedullary tumor. The possible role of the autonomic nervous system in the causation of acute coronary vasospasm is discussed, and this is highlighted as an(More)