Grace Kigozi

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BACKGROUND To assess the effects of HIV-1 and other sexually transmitted infections on pregnancy, we undertook cross-sectional and prospective studies of a rural population in Rakai district, Uganda. METHODS 4813 sexually active women aged 15-49 years were surveyed to find out the prevalence of pregnancy by interview and selective urinary human chorionic(More)
To examine self-reported quality of life and health status of HIV-infected women and a comparison sample of HIV-uninfected women in rural Uganda, we culturally adapted a Lugandan version of the Medical Outcomes Survey-HIV (MOS-HIV). We administered a cross-sectional survey among 803 women (239 HIV-positive and 564 HIV-negative) enrolled in a community study(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to assess presumptive sexually transmitted disease treatment on pregnancy outcome and HIV transmission. STUDY DESIGN In a randomized trial in Rakai District, Uganda, 2070 pregnant women received presumptive sexually transmitted disease treatment 1 time during pregnancy at varying gestations, and 1963 control mothers(More)
OBJECTIVE Evidence of condom effectiveness for HIV and sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevention is based primarily on high-risk populations. We examined condom effectiveness in a general population with high HIV prevalence in rural Africa. METHODS Data were from a randomized community trial in Rakai, Uganda. Condom usage information was obtained(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess mortality impact of HIV in rural Uganda. METHODS An open cohort of 19983 adults aged 15-59 years, in Rakai district was followed at 10 month intervals for four surveys. Sociodemographic characteristics and symptomatology/disease conditions were assessed by interview. Deaths among residents and out-migrants were identified household(More)
BACKGROUND Data comparing survival of formula-fed to breast-fed infants in programmatic settings are limited. We compared mortality and HIV-free of breast and formula-fed infants born to HIV-positive mothers in a program in rural, Rakai District Uganda. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS One hundred eighty two infants born to HIV-positive mothers were(More)
To evaluate the impact of maternal HIV-infection on routine childhood Immunisation coverage, we compared the Immunisation status of children born to HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected women in rural Uganda. The study population was 214 HIV(+) and 578 HIV(-) women with children aged 6 to 35 months previously enrolled in a community study to evaluate maternal(More)
The foreskin is the main site of heterosexual human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) acquisition in uncircumcised men, but functional data regarding T-cell subsets present at this site are lacking. Foreskin tissue and blood were obtained from Ugandan men undergoing elective adult circumcision. Tissue was treated by mechanical and enzymatic digestion followed by(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) susceptibility is heterogenous, with some HIV-exposed but seronegative (HESN) individuals remaining uninfected despite repeated exposure. Previous studies in the cervix have shown that reduced HIV susceptibility may be mediated by immune alterations in the genital mucosa. However, immune correlates of HIV exposure without(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of adult medical male circumcision on female sexual satisfaction. SUBJECTS AND METHODS We investigated self-reported sexual satisfaction among 455 women partners of men circumcised in a randomized trial of male circumcision for the prevention of human immunodeficiency virus in Rakai, Uganda. Women aged 15-49 years were(More)