Grace K. Poon

Learn More
BACKGROUND After a drought in February, 1996, all 126 patients in a haemodialysis unit in Caruaru, north-east Brazil, developed signs and symptoms of acute neurotoxicity and subacute hepatotoxicity following the use of water from a lake with massive growth of cyanobacteria (blue-green algae). 60 patients died. METHODS Besides recording clinical details(More)
Purpose: d -Limonene is a natural monoterpene with pronounced chemotherapeutic activity and minimal toxicity in preclinical studies. A phase I clinical trial to assess toxicity, the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and pharmacokinetics in patients with advanced cancer was followed by a limited phase II evaluation in breast cancer. Methods: A group of 32(More)
 This study evaluates the metabolic profile of JM216 [bis(acetato)ammine-dichloro(cyclohexylamine) platinum(IV)], the first orally administrable platinum complex, in plasma ultrafiltrates of 12 patients (n=2–4 time points per patient) following different doses of drug (120, 200, 340, 420, 560 mg/m2). The biotransformation profile was evaluated by(More)
Limonene is a farnesyl transferase inhibitor that has shown antitumor properties. The drug had been given orally to cancer patients. Plasma and urine samples collected from the patients were examined by reversed-phase HPLC-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization and electrospray ionization MS. The drug underwent rapid conversion to hydroxylated and(More)
This study describes the application of LC/MS/MS to the determination of phase I and phase II metabolites of tamoxifen in urine and plasma samples of breast cancer patients. In the plasma extracts, in addition to the parent drug and N-desmethyltamoxifen, a minor metabolite tamoxifen N-oxide was identified for the first time in human. Four intact(More)
Bis(acetato)amminedichloro(cyclohexylamine) platinum(IV) (JM216) is a new orally administered platinum complex with antitumor properties, and is currently undergoing phase II clinical trials. When JM216 was incubated with human plasma ultrafiltrate, 93% of the platinum species were protein-bound and 7% were unbound. The unbound platinum complexes in the(More)
The mechanisms of pharmacokinetic interactions of a novel anti-human immunodeficiency virus (anti-HIV-1) antagonist of chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) [2-(R)-[N-methyl-N-(1-(R)-3-(S)-((4-(3-benzyl-1-ethyl-(1H)-pyrazol-5-yl)piperidin-1-yl)methyl)-4-(S)-(3-fluorophenyl)cyclopent-1-yl)amino]-3-methylbutanoic acid (MRK-1)] with ritonavir were evaluated in rats and(More)
The metabolic activation of tamoxifen and its metabolite alpha-hydroxytamoxifen in primary cultures of rat, mouse and human hepatocytes has been compared. The extent of formation of DNA adducts in these cells was measured by 32P-postlabelling, using either nuclease P1 digestion or sorbent extraction of DNA digests to enhance the sensitivity of the assay.(More)
The metabolism of tamoxifen was examined in human liver homogenate and human Hep G2 cell line preparations by LC/electro spray ionization/MS. Several metabolites were detected in the human liver homogenate extracts, namely N-didesmethyltamoxifen (metabolite I), alpha-hydroxytamoxifen (metabolite II), 4-hydroxytamoxifen (metabolite III), N-desmethyltamoxifen(More)
Microcystins are a group of structurally similar cyclic heptapeptide hepatotoxins and tumor promoters, produced by cyanobacteria. A microbore liquid chromatography electrospray ionization ion-trap mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-ITMS) method has been developed which is capable of separating and detecting trace amounts of microcystin variants in environmental(More)