Grace Dale

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A fatal case of strychnine poisoning is presented. The patient vomited then suffered a series of tonic convulsions which were triggered by tactile stimulation. In between paroxysms he was initially alert. Eventually the patient became comatosed due to anoxia and had a cardiac arrest. He presented with a marked metabolic acidosis and rapidly developed renal(More)
Gas chromatography with flame ionisation detection has been used to establish the normal urinary excretion values of homovanillic acid and 4-hydroxy-3-methoxymandelic acid in 808 infants aged 6 months. This study, the essential pre-requisite for population screening for neuroblastoma in babies, reveals a mean homovanillic acid of 10.9 mumol/mmol creatinine(More)
Twenty thousand, eight hundred and twenty-nine babies were screened for neuroblastoma at 6 months of age by measuring homovanillic (HVA) and vanillylmandelic (VMA) acid in urine and rationing these to creatinine. Using a "cut off" of the mean + 3 SD, 10 were found to be positive. Two were found on evaluation to have neuroblastoma and in the remaining 8 the(More)
Our pilot study for neuroblastoma screening started in 1986. The study has progressed through several phases, with use of several analytical methods to a procedure based primarily on the use of automated gas chromatography mass spectrometry. The northern region of England has a relatively static population of approximately 3.5 million, with an annual birth(More)
The relationship between urinary homovanillic acid (HVA), vanillylmandelic acid (VMA) and creatinine is investigated and reference ranges are constructed for HVA and VMA. A total of 769 urine samples were obtained from children and adults. The ratios HVA/creatinine and VMA/creatinine were highly correlated with creatinine concentration; hence, reference to(More)
To determine what percentage of inner-city children with asthma would lose asthma control when taken off asthma controllers, a retrospective analysis was performed on inner-city asthmatic children who achieved asthma control in an asthma specific disease management program. Once disease control was achieved patients had stepwise reduction of asthma(More)
Neuroblastoma is the most common solid tumour of childhood with an incidence of about 1:10,000 births. Prognosis depends on age and stage at presentation and for disseminated disease presenting after the age of 1 year has scarcely altered at all in the past 20 years. In Japan a method has been pioneered of mass population screening of 6-month-old babies(More)