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Nicardipine hydrochloride was administered intravenously to two groups of hypertensive patients: one group of 37 patients with mild to moderate hypertension and one group of 20 patients with severe hypertension. In the first group, doses of 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 mg/hr, as well as placebo, were infused for 48 hours in a double-blind fashion. Blood pressure and(More)
Renal and hepatic GSH (reduced glutathione) S-transferase were compared with respect to substrate and inhibitory kinetics and hormonal influences in vivo. An example of each of five classes of substrates (aryl, aralkyl, epoxide, alkyl and alkene) was used. In the gel filtration of renal or hepatic cytosol, an identical elution volume was found for all the(More)
Glutathione S-transferase activities have been identified in the small intestine of the rat. Thrree activities obtained with p-nitrobenzyl chloride (aralkyl), 1,2-epoxy-3(p-nitrophenoxy)propane (epoxide), and ethacrynic acid (alkene) as substrates were present in significant amounts. Gel filtration indicated an elution volume for the intestinal transferase(More)
The induction of the glutathione S-transferases by phenobarbital and polycyclic hydrocarbons was studied in male and female rats. Administration of phenobarbital resulted in 60-80% increase in S-aryl and S-aralkyl enzyme specific activities, whereas the S-epoxide and S-alkyl activities were increased by 30-40%. In following the sequence of induction, the(More)
PURPOSE Severe hypertension responds to treatment with nifedipine given orally or sublingually. Nicardipine hydrochloride, a water soluble dihydropyridine analogue similar to nifedipine, has less of a negative ionotropic effect and produces less reflex tachycardia than nifedipine. Our purpose was to assess the antihypertensive efficacy and safety of(More)
Treatment of male rats with 3,4-benzopyrene, 3-methylcholanthrene and phenobarbital resulted in the induction of glutathione S-aryl- and S-aralkyl-transferase activities in kidney cytosol. Benzopyrene produced 77 and 44% increases in aryl and aralkyl activities respectively. Methylcholanthrene caused 73 and 86% increases in the retrospective activities,(More)
Renal function studies were performed in subjects with mild hypertension treated with labetalol (n = 5) and moderate to moderately severe hypertension treated in a random double-blind fashion with either labetalol (n = 6) or methyldopa (n = 6). Drugs were given in doses sufficient to reduce standing diastolic blood pressure to less than 90 mm Hg. This was(More)
Central effects associated with DDP-induced early polyuria are described. Male Sprague-Dawley rats injected intraperitoneally with DDP (5 mg/kg) have a threefold increase in urine volume in the first 24 hr after treatment. This is accompanied by a corresponding decrease in Uosm but no decrease in renal function as indicated by serum creatinine or GFR.(More)