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Four hundred and seventy-five strains, which included 394 type cultures of Streptomyces and representatives of 14 other actinomycete genera, were studied. Overall similarities of these strains for 139 unit characters were determined by the SSM and SJ coefficients and clustering by the UPGMA algorithm. Test error and overlap between the phena defined were(More)
The menaquinones of 141 actinomycetes representing the genera Caseobacter, Mycobacterium, Nocardia, Rhodococcus and some related taxa lacking mycolic acids were examined by mass spectrometry. The mycolic acid-containing strains were assigned to four groups on the basis of the predominant isoprenologue detected: Rhodococcus coprophilus, R. equi, R.(More)
A numerical taxonomic classification study was carried out on 177 strains representing the "rhodochrous" complex and the genera Gordona, Mycobacterium and Nocardia. The strains were examined for 92 unit characters and the data were analysed by computer. Three clusters were defined at the 75 to 80% similarity level. The first was a heterogeneous cluster(More)
16S rDNA sequence and pyrolysis mass spectrometric analyses were carried out on representatives of Rhodococcus equi and marker strains of genera that encompass mycolic acid containing actinomycetes. The R. equi strains formed a monophyletic clade within the evolutionary radiation occupied by members of the genera Nocardia and Rhodococcus. The 16S rDNA(More)
Various approaches that have been used in the development of a system of classification for the genus Rhodococcus are discussed. The application of chemotaxonomic, molecular systematic and numerical phenetic methods have greatly contributed to improvements in the systematics of rhodococci and related mycolic-acid containing actinomycetes. The genus(More)
One hundred and fifty-six Actinomadura strains, marker strains of related taxa, and related isolates from bagasse and fodder were the subject of numerical phenetic analyses using 90 unit characters. The data were examined using the simple matching (SSM), Jaccard (SJ) and pattern (DP) coefficients and clustering was achieved using both single and average(More)
The character state data obtained for clusters defined at the 77.5% SSM similarity level in the phenetic numerical classification described by Williams et al. (1983) were used to construct a probabilistic identification matrix. The 23 phena included were the major clusters (19 Streptomyces, 2 Streptoverticillium and 'Nocardia' mediterranea) and one minor(More)
Actinomycetes have the genetic capability to synthesize many different biologically active secondary metabolites and of these compounds, antibiotics predominate in therapeutic and commercial importance. Intensive research often centres on the use of molecular techniques to investigate the physiology and genetics of antibiotic biosynthesis with a view to(More)
Rhodococcus equi is a facultative pathogen of foals. Infection causes an often fatal pulmonary pneumonia. The organism has also been isolated from pigs, cattle, humans and the environment. Equine virulence has a high positive correlation with the expression of a 17.4 kD polypeptide of unknown function, VapA, the product of the plasmid-encoded vapA gene.(More)
Microcystin, a cyanotoxin produced by Microcystis aeruginosa, lacks potent antibacterial activity. When tested in combination, in vitro, inhibitory values for a range of hydrophobic antibiotics were significantly reduced in the presence of at least 1/20 x the minimum inhibitory concentration of microcystin. The degree of inhibition was equivalent to that of(More)