Grace A. Wyngaard

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Adult somatic nuclear DNA contents are reported for eleven cyclopoid species (Megacyclops latipes, Mesocyclops edax, M. longisetus, M. ruttneri, M. leuckarti, M. woutersi, Macrocyclops albidus, Cyclops strenuus, Acanthocyclops robustus, Diothona oculata, Thermocyclops crassus) and for the harpacticoid Tigriopus californicus and range from 0.50 to 4.1 pg DNA(More)
The segregation of progenitor somatic cells from those of the primordial germ cells that sequester and retain elevated levels of DNA during subsequent developmental events, poses an interesting, alternative pathway of chromosome behavior during the reproductive cycle of certain species of cyclopoid copepods and several other organisms. Separation of(More)
Collectively, populations of Acanthocyclops vernalis, a species complex of freshwater copepods, are remarkably similar as to morphology and DNA content, despite variability in chromosome number. Reproductive isolation had been reported among some populations, but with each new investigation the species boundaries and factors that may influence them appeared(More)
Copepods outnumber every other multicellular animal group. They are critical components of the world's freshwater and marine ecosystems, sensitive indicators of local and global climate change, key ecosystem service providers, parasites and predators of economically important aquatic animals and potential vectors of waterborne disease. Copepods sustain the(More)
Patterns of morphological variation and reproductive isolation were examined for several North American populations of copepods in the Acanthocyclops vernalis Fischer A., 1853 (Copepoda, Cyclopinae) species complex. The copepods were collected from six sites in Wisconsin, U.S.A. Morphological analysis of 120 adult females revealed that a character used(More)
We studied the functional significance of marked differences in the DNA content of somatic cells and germ line nuclei by static Feulgen-DNA cytophotometry for several species of microcrustaceans that exhibit chromatin diminution during very early stages of embryogenesis. Mature females and males showed many gonadal nuclei with elevated amounts of DNA that(More)
Variation in nuclear DNA content within some eukaryotic species is well documented, but causes and consequences of such variation remain unclear. Here we report genome size of an estuarine and salt-marsh calanoid copepod, Eurytemora affinis, which has recently invaded inland freshwater habitats independently and repeatedly in North America, Europe, and(More)
An experimental study of the copepod Mesocyclops edax documented that females which reproduced throughout their lifetime survived at a lower rate than unmated females which did not reproduce. This cost of reproduction was most apparent in animals receiving periodic, non-lethal temperature stress. However, among reproductive females, no significant(More)
Populations of the freshwater copepod Mesocyclops edax inhabiting Michigan lakes are dormant during winter, whereas populations inhabiting Florida lakes develop and reproduce continuously throughout the year. A Michigan and a Florida population were exposed to dormancy inducing conditions (low temperature and short photoperiod) in the laboratory and(More)
We report on copy numbers of 18S ribosomal RNA genes in three species of copepods (Crustacea: Copepoda), two of which possess an unusual arrangement in which 5S genes are included within the 18S-5.8S-28S repeat unit. Slot blots of genomic and standard DNA were hybridized with an 18S rRNA gene probe constructed from one of the marine species and(More)