Learn More
BACKGROUND Copepods outnumber every other multicellular animal group. They are critical components of the world's freshwater and marine ecosystems, sensitive indicators of local and global climate change, key ecosystem service providers, parasites and predators of economically important aquatic animals and potential vectors of waterborne disease. Copepods(More)
We studied the functional significance of marked differences in the DNA content of somatic cells and germ line nuclei by static Feulgen-DNA cytophotometry for several species of microcrustaceans that exhibit chromatin diminution during very early stages of embryogenesis. Mature females and males showed many gonadal nuclei with elevated amounts of DNA that(More)
Variation in nuclear DNA content within some eukaryotic species is well documented, but causes and consequences of such variation remain unclear. Here we report genome size of an estuarine and salt-marsh calanoid copepod, Eurytemora affinis, which has recently invaded inland freshwater habitats independently and repeatedly in North America, Europe, and(More)
The segregation of progenitor somatic cells from those of the primordial germ cells that sequester and retain elevated levels of DNA during subsequent developmental events, poses an interesting, alternative pathway of chromosome behavior during the reproductive cycle of certain species of cyclopoid copepods and several other organisms. Separation of(More)
Chromatin diminution is a precisely controlled, highly repeatable, genome-wide deletion of noncoding heterochromatic segments from the presomatic line. The somatic line is reduced in size and reorganized; the germ line remains unaltered. Little is understood about its mechanistic underpinnings and adaptive significance in the nematodes, copepods, and(More)
Embryonic chromatin diminution, the selective excision of large amounts of heterochromatic DNA from presomatic cell lineages, provides an example of an unusually large augmentation of the germline genome and raises questions regarding the source of the increased amount of DNA and its relevance to the biology of the organism. DNA levels in adult germ cell(More)
Chromatin diminution is the programmed deletion of DNA from presomatic cell or nuclear lineages during development, producing single organisms that contain two different nuclear genomes. Phylogenetically diverse taxa undergo chromatin diminution — some ciliates, nematodes, copepods, and vertebrates. In cyclopoid copepods, chromatin diminution occurs in taxa(More)
Collectively, populations of Acanthocyclops vernalis, a species complex of freshwater copepods, are remarkably similar as to morphology and DNA content, despite variability in chromosome number. Reproductive isolation had been reported among some populations, but with each new investigation the species boundaries and factors that may influence them appeared(More)
We combined molecular and morphological characters in a copepod taxon for which obtaining a sufficiently high number of characters that evolve at different rates is a challenge. Few molecular markers are known to resolve evolutionary relationships in the copepods, and thus there is potential for morphology to contribute substantially to phylogenetic(More)
We report on copy numbers of 18S ribosomal RNA genes in three species of copepods (Crustacea: Copepoda), two of which possess an unusual arrangement in which 5S genes are included within the 18S-5.8S-28S repeat unit. Slot blots of genomic and standard DNA were hybridized with an 18S rRNA gene probe constructed from one of the marine species and(More)